The study of more than 2 million home sales from 1990 to 2008 in four major metropolitan areas studied prices by Blacks and Whites of comparable homes in the same neighborhoods. Blacks, on average, paid 3.5 percent more.
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Research by C. Kiradbo Jackson of Northwestern University shows that students in these programs are more likely to succeed in college and in the job market.
The effect is particularly pronounced for Black children.