Research & Studies

Black Youth Exposed to More Junk Food Ads on TV Than White Youth

Black Youth Exposed to More Junk Food Ads on TV Than White Youth

A new study by researchers at the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at the University of Connecticut finds that the number of junk food advertisements seen by Black youth rose 30 percent between 2008 and 2012. There was an 18 percent increase for White youth.

Academic Study Finds Racial Bias in Death Penalty Cases: But It May Not Be What You Think

Academic Study Finds Racial Bias in Death Penalty Cases: But It May Not Be What You Think

The study led by researchers at Michigan State University found that the race of the defendant does not have much impact in death penalty cases. But defendants were twice as likely to receive the death penalty if the victim was White than if the victim was Black.

Huge Racial Differences in Number of Children Living With Both Parents

Huge Racial Differences in Number of Children Living With Both Parents

The statistics show that 74.3 percent of all White children below the age of 18 live with both parents. This is true for only 38.7 percent of African American families. More than one third of all Black children in the United States under the age of 18 live with mothers who have never been married.

Black Directors of Methadone Clinics Are the Least Likely to Dispense Recommended Minimum Doses

Black Directors of Methadone Clinics Are the Least Likely to Dispense Recommended Minimum Doses

A study led by a researcher at Johns Hopkins University finds that at methadone treatment facilities run by African American directors, patients are less likely to receive the recommended minimum dose than at facilities directed by managers of other races or ethnic groups.

Student Loan Debt Is a Major Problem for Large Numbers of HBCU Students

Student Loan Debt Is a Major Problem for Large Numbers of HBCU Students

The data shows that 80 percent of all students at HBCUs borrow money under federal student loan programs. One quarter of all HBCUs graduates had student loan debt of more than $40,000. This is four times the rate of non-HBCU graduates.

Sociologist at the University of Connecticut Finds Bias in Hiring at Environmental Organizations

Sociologist at the University of Connecticut Finds Bias in Hiring at Environmental Organizations

The study, authored by Maya Beasley, found that nearly 90 percent of the search consultants commonly used to find high-level executives for environmental organizations have encountered bias at the organizations that were seeking new employees.

A Unique Approach to Address the Racial Gap in School Discipline

A Unique Approach to Address the Racial Gap in School Discipline

Researchers at the University of Virginia, Rutgers University and the University of British Columbia have a published a study that shows that teachers who change instruction practices can impact the large racial gap in school discipline.

Study Documents the Severity of the Racial Gap in Dentistry

Study Documents the Severity of the Racial Gap in Dentistry

The study, by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, and in the dental department of Bronx-Lebanon Hospital in New York, found that for racial parity to prevail with the Black population, an additional 19,714 African American dentists would be needed.

Student-Faculty Interactions Have a Major Impact on Students' Perceptions of a Welcoming Campus

Student-Faculty Interactions Have a Major Impact on Students’ Perceptions of a Welcoming Campus

The results show that nine of the 12 types of student-faculty interactions had a statistically significant association with a student’s perception of the overall campus climate regarding diversity. Five student-faculty interactions had a positive impact and four had a negative impact.

Study Finds Large But Narrowing Racial Divide in Residential Racial Segregation

Study Finds Large But Narrowing Racial Divide in Residential Racial Segregation

A recent study by researchers at Pennsylvania State University finds that despite a narrowing in the racial poverty gap, Blacks and Hispanics still are significantly more likely than Whites to live in high-poverty neighborhoods.

Racial Differences in Food and Housing Insecurity Among Community College Students

Racial Differences in Food and Housing Insecurity Among Community College Students

The data from a study conducted at San Diego State University showed that among community college students 48.4 percent of Black men and 41.1 percent of Black women expressed housing insecurity. Black men also had a very high level of food insecurity.

University of New Hampshire Research Shows the Downward Trend in the White Population

University of New Hampshire Research Shows the Downward Trend in the White Population

A new study by researchers at the Carsey School of Public Policy at the University of New Hampshire finds that in 17 U.S. states the number of Whites who died in 2014 was higher than the number of Whites born in these states.

University Study Examines Differences in Cancer Mortality Among Blacks

University Study Examines Differences in Cancer Mortality Among Blacks

The research, conducted by scientists at the University of Nevada Las Vegas, found that among all major racial/ethnic groups in the United States, American-born Blacks had the highest rate of cancer mortality. Caribbean-born Blacks in the United States had the lowest rate.

Research Finds That the Racial Earnings Gap for Men Has Returned to 1950s Level

Research Finds That the Racial Earnings Gap for Men Has Returned to 1950s Level

The authors explain that the changing economy has been difficult for all workers with less than a high school education but has been particularly devastating for Black men. They found that in 1960, 19 percent of Black men were not working. By 2014, 35 percent of Black men were not employed.

Latest Data on African American Degree Awards From U.S. Colleges and Universities

Latest Data on African American Degree Awards From U.S. Colleges and Universities

A new report from the U.S. Department of Education shows that in the 2014-15 academic year African Americans earned 340,946 degrees and certificates from four-year institutions. They made up 10.5 percent of all individuals who were given degrees or certificates from four-year institutions.

A Sharp Drop in the Number of Americans Studying Abroad in Africa

A Sharp Drop in the Number of Americans Studying Abroad in Africa

According to new data from the Institute of International Education, the number of Americans studying abroad in sub-Saharan Africa in the 2014-15 academic year declined by nearly 20 percent from the previous year. In West Africa the decline was 67.6 percent.

Do Racial Stereotypes Impact Teachers' Communication With Parents?

Do Racial Stereotypes Impact Teachers’ Communication With Parents?

A new study by a scholar at the Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development at New York University finds that many teachers communicate differently with parents depending on the race and immigrant status of their students.

Racial Differences in Mobility Rates in the United States by Educational Attainment

Racial Differences in Mobility Rates in the United States by Educational Attainment

The racial gap in moving rates is significantly higher for those with lower levels of education. For Blacks and Whites with graduate or professional degrees, the difference is moving rates is only slightly higher for African Americans.

Students From Sub-Saharan African Nations at U.S. Colleges and Universities, 2015-16

Students From Sub-Saharan African Nations at U.S. Colleges and Universities, 2015-16

The Institute for International Education reports that in the 2015-16 academic year, there were 35,364 students from sub-Saharan Africa enrolled at colleges and universities in the United States.

Are People Racist Against Places They Believe Are Associated With Blacks?

Are People Racist Against Places They Believe Are Associated With Blacks?

A new study by researchers at Stanford University, the University of Waterloo, and the University of Illinois at Chicago finds that while people may treat African Americans with racial bias, they are also likely to devalue and demean places associated with African Americans.

Academic Study Finds Possible Racial Bias by Mental Health Professionals

Academic Study Finds Possible Racial Bias by Mental Health Professionals

When a caller used the name Allison, she was invited to talk to the practitioner 63 percent of the time. When the name Lakisha was used by the same caller, she got through to the mental health professional 51 percent of the time.

A Healthy Increase in Black Students at U.S. Medical Schools

A Healthy Increase in Black Students at U.S. Medical Schools

This year 21,020 students entered medical school for the first time. Of these, 1,771 identified themselves as Black or African American. This is an increase of nearly 27 percent from three years ago. In 2016, Blacks made up 8.4 percent of new entrants to U.S. medical schools.

New Study Finds Racial Segregation Is Firmly Established in the Nation's Preschools

New Study Finds Racial Segregation Is Firmly Established in the Nation’s Preschools

More than one fifth of all White preschoolers attend schools that are all White or nearly all White. A majority of Black and Hispanic students attend preschools where more than half of the students are from their own racial or ethnic group.

Explaining the Lack of Black Head Coaches in College Football

Explaining the Lack of Black Head Coaches in College Football

While there might be some merit to the theory of systematic racism in NCAA head coaching hires, other factors also come into play and have a major impact on why there are not more Black head coaches in college football.

The Racial Gap in High School Dropout Rates and Completion Rates

The Racial Gap in High School Dropout Rates and Completion Rates

The data shows that in 2013, 9 percent of all African Americans ages 16 to 24 were not enrolled in schools and did not have a high graduation credential. For Whites, the figure was 4.7 percent. The racial gap is much larger when we compare those who completed high school in the traditional four-year timeframe.

Does Race Cloud Teachers Decisions on Student Assignments to Special Education?

Does Race Cloud Teachers Decisions on Student Assignments to Special Education?

A new study by Rachel Fish, an assistant professor at the Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development at New York University, finds that race is a major factor in whether teachers recommend students for either gifted education programs or special education programs.

University Study Finds a Rise in "Global Neighborhoods" in U.S. Urban Areas

University Study Finds a Rise in “Global Neighborhoods” in U.S. Urban Areas

A study by researchers at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island and the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater finds large numbers of urban areas with a very diverse populations. But they also found a major increase in the number of what they call “all minority” neighborhoods.

The Huge Racial Gap in Debt for College Graduates

The Huge Racial Gap in Debt for College Graduates

Four years after they graduate from college, Black students have an average debt load that is $25,000 more than White students who had graduated from college four years earlier. And the amount of debt held by African American college graduates, when adjusted for inflation, has increased sixfold in the past 15 years.

New Report Examines Racial Differences in Computer Science Education

New Report Examines Racial Differences in Computer Science Education

Among the findings of a a new report from Google is the fact that only 47 percent of Black students nationwide attend schools that have courses in computer science, compared to 58 percent of White students.

Analysis Finds That Students of All Races Prefer Teachers of Color

Analysis Finds That Students of All Races Prefer Teachers of Color

A new study by researchers at the Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development at New York University finds that middle and high school students of all races have a more favorable opinion of Black and Latino teachers than they do of White teachers.

Study Finds Low Black Student Enrollments at Top-Tier Public Universities

Study Finds Low Black Student Enrollments at Top-Tier Public Universities

The study found that just 9 percent of all Black students enrolled in higher education nationwide attended high-ranking, state-operated research universities. For Whites the figure was 19 percent.

Higher Education Does Little to Shrink the Racial Gap in Earnings

Higher Education Does Little to Shrink the Racial Gap in Earnings

The data from the Economic Policy Institute shows that there is an hourly racial wage gap of about $3.75 for Black and White workers with a high school diploma but no further education. But for those with a bachelor’s degree or a graduate degree, there is a racial wage gap of more than $6 an hour.

New Study Finds a Strong Link Between Lead in the Environment and Lower Test Scores

New Study Finds a Strong Link Between Lead in the Environment and Lower Test Scores

A new working paper from the National Bureau of Economics Research finds that children’s exposure to lead in their environment can have a significant effect on their tests scores. Many Black children from low-income families live in older housing where lead-based paint was used.

Remedial Education Is a "Black Hole From Which Many African Americans Won't Emerge"

Remedial Education Is a “Black Hole From Which Many African Americans Won’t Emerge”

A significant percentage of the students who have to take these remedial education classes are African Americans. Some 56 percent of all African American college students enroll in some type of remedial education course compared to 35 percent of White students.

Study Examines Causes of the Lack of Racial Diversity in the Legal Profession

Study Examines Causes of the Lack of Racial Diversity in the Legal Profession

Blacks are only 7 percent of the students admitted to the nation’s law schools. They are only 4.3 percent of the associates and 2 percent of the partners at U.S. law firms. A new study finds that increased mobility in the legal labor market coupled with less access to leadership networks by Black attorneys is a factor.

Study Finds Army Vets Are More Comfortable With Racial Residential Integration Than Non-Vets

Study Finds Army Vets Are More Comfortable With Racial Residential Integration Than Non-Vets

A new study by sociologists at the University of Massachusetts and the University of Connecticut finds that soldiers’ experiences with racial integration in the military result in veterans being more willing to live in racially integrated neighborhoods once they return to civilian life.