Research & Studies

Study Finds No Evidence of Bias in First Stage of the NIH Grant Review Process

Study Finds No Evidence of Bias in First Stage of the NIH Grant Review Process

A new study from researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has found that bias towards women and Black scientists is unlikely in the initial phase of the process the National Institutes of Health uses to review applications for grants.

Study Finds Black School Students With Disabilities Are More Likely to Be Suspended or Expelled

Study Finds Black School Students With Disabilities Are More Likely to Be Suspended or Expelled

The researchers found that Black girls with disabilities had the highest rate of overrepresentation in-school suspension and out-of-school suspension. Black boys experienced a greater representation in in-school suspension.

Study Finds People Believe Themselves to Be Less Racist Than Is Actually the Case

Study Finds People Believe Themselves to Be Less Racist Than Is Actually the Case

The research team surveyed participants and asked if they had ever participated in various racist activities. Several months later, the participants were provided with a list of racist behaviors that purportedly were done by a fellow student but were in fact based on the participants own behavior.

Report Finds Large Disparities in Black Student Representation at Selective Public Universities

Report Finds Large Disparities in Black Student Representation at Selective Public Universities

A new brief from Demos, a nonprofit organization in Washington and New York working to promote democracy and equality, finds that most states have very far to go in making their selective institutions representative of the population of their state.

Study Finds White Teachers of Black Students More Likely to Punish Students for Misbehavior

Study Finds White Teachers of Black Students More Likely to Punish Students for Misbehavior

A new study finds that White teachers in majority-Black classrooms have more negative, highly charged interactions with students regarding classroom behavior than White teachers in predominately White classrooms and Black teachers in predominately Black classrooms.

Study Finds Evidence of Implicit Bias Against Black Boys Among Pre-School Aged Children

Study Finds Evidence of Implicit Bias Against Black Boys Among Pre-School Aged Children

Across two implicit bias experiments, children favored the images they saw after viewing faces of White children over those following images they were shown after viewing faces of Black children. In particular, children rated neutral images significantly less positively if they followed pictures of Black boys.

Black Teens See a Lot of Risky Content Online, But Few Post About It

Black Teens See a Lot of Risky Content Online, But Few Post About It

A study led by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, has found that Black and Hispanic teens observe a great deal of references to violent and risky behavior on social media. But fewer than one-fifth said they personally had posted such content.

Young Blacks Who Experience Discrimination Are More Likely to Engage in Political Activism

Young Blacks Who Experience Discrimination Are More Likely to Engage in Political Activism

A new study by researchers at North Carolina State University and the University of Chicago has found that Black teens and young adults who experience racial discrimination are more likely to engage in social and political activism on issues that are important to the African American community.

Harvard Study Finds Association Between Financial Stress and Risk of Heart Disease Among Blacks

Harvard Study Finds Association Between Financial Stress and Risk of Heart Disease Among Blacks

The researchers found that African-American men and women who experience moderate to high financial stress had almost three times greater risk of heart disease events (such as heart attacks and procedures to investigate or treat heart disease) than those who did not experience stress due to finances.

New Report Urges Nation to Strengthen STEM Programs at Minority Serving Institutions

New Report Urges Nation to Strengthen STEM Programs at Minority Serving Institutions

According to the report, minority-serving institutions of higher education produce one-fifth of the nation’s STEM bachelor’s degrees awarded to students of color. With proper funding, attention, and support, these institutions can contribute much more to the STEM workforce, according to the report.

University Study Finds Racial Disparity in Solar Panel Installations

University Study Finds Racial Disparity in Solar Panel Installations

A new study authored by researchers at Tufts University in Massachusetts and the University of California, Berkeley, has found that the deployment of solar panels has predominately occurred in White neighborhoods, even after controlling for household income and levels of home ownership.

University of Southern California Study Finds Large Increase in Hollywood's Black Directors in 2018

University of Southern California Study Finds Large Increase in Hollywood’s Black Directors in 2018

Out of the 1,200 top-grossing films from 2007 to 2018, 80 African Americans were directors or co-directors. But in 2018, there were 16 Black directors among the 100 top-grossing films. This is the highest percentage of Black directors across the time frame.

Study Finds That Institutional Support Is Essential for Black Ph.D. Students in STEM Fields to Succeed

Study Finds That Institutional Support Is Essential for Black Ph.D. Students in STEM Fields to Succeed

The research team investigated why Black graduate students were nearly three times less likely to have published a paper in an academic journal than White, Asian, and graduate students from other underrepresented groups.

Black Family Physicians Remain Underrepresented Despite Recent Diversity Efforts

Black Family Physicians Remain Underrepresented Despite Recent Diversity Efforts

While the number of Black family physicians has increased over the past three decades, the percentage of Black or African Americans who passed the the American Board of Family Medicine’s certification examination in 2017 was only one half of the Black percentage of the U.S. population.

Study Finds Academic Engineering Remains Largely the Domain of White Men

Study Finds Academic Engineering Remains Largely the Domain of White Men

The study found that 82 percent of the deans at the nation’s 300 or more accredited engineering schools are men and 74 percent are White. For faculty, only 2.3 percent of all faculty at accredited schools of engineering are Black.

A Racial Gap in Physical Stress Biomarkers of Mothers One Year After They Give Birth

A Racial Gap in Physical Stress Biomarkers of Mothers One Year After They Give Birth

A new study from researchers at a large number of universities has found that African-American women undergo more physical “wear-and-tear” during the first year after giving birth than Latina and White women.

Study Finds Black Women Have Higher Risk of Stroke at an Earlier Age Than White Women

Study Finds Black Women Have Higher Risk of Stroke at an Earlier Age Than White Women

The researchers believe it is the first study to evaluate whether the stroke risk in men and women at a particular age is similar for White men and women compared to Black men and women.

Florida State University Links Unfair Police Treatment and Length of Black Men's Telomeres

Florida State University Links Unfair Police Treatment and Length of Black Men’s Telomeres

Telomeres are found on the end of chromosomes and protect DNA integrity. The length of telomeres reflects psychological stress, with shorter telomeres being an indication of higher levels of stress. Other studies have shown that telomere shortening contributes to cardiovascular diseases.

Academic Fields Where Blacks Earn Few or No Doctoral Degrees in 2017

Academic Fields Where Blacks Earn Few or No Doctoral Degrees in 2017

African Americans earned only 1.2 percent of all doctorates awarded in physics to U.S. citizens and permanent residents in 2017. Blacks earned 0.9 percent of all mathematics and statistics doctorates, and only 1 percent of all doctorates in computer science.

Study Finds That Schools Don’t Help Black Teens Shed Anti-Social Behaviors

Study Finds That Schools Don’t Help Black Teens Shed Anti-Social Behaviors

A new study by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison finds that although African American adolescents are more likely than their White peers to be in the criminal justice system, they are less likely to be the subjects of research that examines how they got there.

Examining Racial Differences in School Dropout Rates at the State Level

Examining Racial Differences in School Dropout Rates at the State Level

It may come as a surprise to some readers that the high school dropout rate for Whites in Alabama is higher than the rate for Blacks. But in Delaware the Black dropout rate is triple the rate for Whites. In New York, Wisconsin, and New Jersey, Blacks are more than twice as likely as Whites to be high school dropouts.

African Americans Making Slow Progress in Engineering Degree Attainments

African Americans Making Slow Progress in Engineering Degree Attainments

A new report from the Association of Public Land-grant Universities found that Blacks earned 3.9 percent of all bachelor’s degrees in engineering in 2016. They received 2.2 percent of all master’s degrees awarded in engineering fields and 1.9 percent of all Ph.D.s in engineering that year.

The Universities Awarding the Most Doctoral Degrees to Black Scholars

The Universities Awarding the Most Doctoral Degrees to Black Scholars

During the five-year period from 2013 through 2017, 11,389 Black or African American students earned doctoral degrees at colleges and universities in the United States. Walden University awarded 969 of these, by far the most of any educational institution.

Florida State University Study Finds Racial Disparity in Flu Shots Among Adolescents

Florida State University Study Finds Racial Disparity in Flu Shots Among Adolescents

During the winter of 2014-15, more than 710,000 people were hospitalized for influenza and there were 80,000 flu-related death. Researchers had hoped that after the passage of the Affordable Care Act that the racial disparity in flu vaccinations would disappear. It has not.

African Americans Making Only Snail-Like Progress in Doctoral Degree Awards

African Americans Making Only Snail-Like Progress in Doctoral Degree Awards

If we restrict the figures to citizens and permanent residents we find that African Americans earned 6.7 percent of all doctoral awards in 2017. Therefore, African Americans earned about one half the number of doctorates that would be the case if racial parity with the U.S. Black population prevailed.

The Gender Gap in College Completion Rates for African Americans

The Gender Gap in College Completion Rates for African Americans

For African Americans who entered four-year colleges and universities seeking bachelor’s degrees in 2011, women had a graduation rate of 43.9 percent, compared to 34.1 percent of Black men. This was the largest gender gap for any racial or ethnic group.

Many Low-Income Students Do Not Know the Financial Aid Resources Available to Them

Many Low-Income Students Do Not Know the Financial Aid Resources Available to Them

A new study from the National Bureau of Economic Research found that low-income students are far more likely to apply to more elite and selective schools if they are aware of the extent of financial aid available to them.

Black Students Show Some Progress in Medical School Enrollments

Black Students Show Some Progress in Medical School Enrollments

This academic year, 1,540 Black students enrolled at a U.S. medical school. They made up 7.1 percent of all medical school matriculants. The number of Black students enrolling in medical schools is up 14 percent from the 2015-16 academic year. Women were nearly 61 percent of all Black medical school matriculants.

Brookings Institution Report Shows How Racism Has Devalued Black Homes

Brookings Institution Report Shows How Racism Has Devalued Black Homes

The results of the Brookings study show that homes in Black neighborhoods are devalued by an average $48,000. This means that homes in Black neighborhoods are worth 23 percent less on average compared to similar homes in predominately White communities.

Report Finds Persisting Racial Shortfall in the Public School Workforce

Report Finds Persisting Racial Shortfall in the Public School Workforce

In the 2015-2016 academic year, 19.9 percent of public elementary and secondary teachers were minorities, but 51 percent of all public school students were members of racial or ethnic minority groups.

College Athletic Powerhouses Earn a Grade of D in Achieving Racial Equity in Leadership Posts

College Athletic Powerhouses Earn a Grade of D in Achieving Racial Equity in Leadership Posts

At the 130 colleges and universities that make up the Football Bowl Subdivision of Division 1 of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, in the fall of 2018 African Americans made up 3.8 percent of the presidents and 9.2 percent of the athletics directors.

Racial Differences in Interactions Between Children and Parents in American Households

Racial Differences in Interactions Between Children and Parents in American Households

The data show that 75.6 percent of non-Hispanic White parents read to their young children at least five days a week. In African American households, only 54.5 percent of parents read to their young children at least five days a week.

Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Efforts Can Lower Rates of HIV Among Black Women

Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Efforts Can Lower Rates of HIV Among Black Women

A new study led by Tiara Willie at the Yale School of Public Health has found that states that aggressively target intimate partner violence in their health care systems have lower rates of HIV infection among women.

The Gender Gap in Degree Attainments Among African Americans

The Gender Gap in Degree Attainments Among African Americans

There is a major gender gap in degree awards at all levels among African Americans. In the 2016-17 academic year, Black women earned 66.9 percent of all associate’s degrees, 64.1 percent of all bachelor’s degrees, 70.1 percent of all master’s degrees, and 68.4 percent of all research doctorates awarded to African Americans.

What Went Wrong at the University of Missouri and How to Avoid Similar Campus Crises

What Went Wrong at the University of Missouri and How to Avoid Similar Campus Crises

A recent report from the American Council on Education has examined what led to the University of Missouri’s 2015-2016 racial crisis and how the institution responded to what happened in the ensuing period.

Do White Liberals "Talk Down" In Order to Connect With Black Audiences?

Do White Liberals “Talk Down” In Order to Connect With Black Audiences?

A study led by a researcher at the Yale School of Management has found that White Americans who hold liberal political views tend to use language that makes them appear less competent in an effort to connect with racial minorities.