Research & Studies

Compounded Privilege in White Neighborhoods Is the Real Driver for Economic Inequality

Compounded Privilege in White Neighborhoods Is the Real Driver for Economic Inequality

The results of a study conducted by a sociologist at the University pf Pittsburgh show that public policies need to address how opportunities for success are hoarded in privileged spaces, allowing advantaged, predominantly White communities to thrive.

Study Finds Severe Racial Gap Between Who Causes Air Pollution and Who Breathes It

Study Finds Severe Racial Gap Between Who Causes Air Pollution and Who Breathes It

The researchers found that air pollution is disproportionately caused by the consumption of goods and services by White Americans, but disproportionately inhaled by Black and Hispanic Americans.

New York University Study Finds Proactive Policing of Black Youth May Be Counterproductive

New York University Study Finds Proactive Policing of Black Youth May Be Counterproductive

According to a new study led by scholars New York University, Black adolescent boys who are stopped by police report more frequent engagement in delinquent behavior thereafter. The research also demonstrates that police stops have a negative impact on these adolescents’ psychological well-being.

Racial Gaps in School Discipline Linked to Level of Implicit Racial Bias Among Local Population

Racial Gaps in School Discipline Linked to Level of Implicit Racial Bias Among Local Population

According to a new report by psychologists at Princeton University in New Jersey, there is a correlation between counties where the population has demonstrated a high-level of racial bias and large racial gaps in school discipline rates.

Howard University Doctoral Student Discovers New Information About the Diet of Enslaved Africans

Howard University Doctoral Student Discovers New Information About the Diet of Enslaved Africans

By analyzing the soil at the African Burial Ground in New York City, Carter Clinton, the 2017-2018 Just Julian Scholar at Howard University, discovered a high level of strontium in the soil, which indicated a diet heavy with vegetables.

Early School Interventions Can Reduce the Need for Disciplinary Actions With Young Black Males

Early School Interventions Can Reduce the Need for Disciplinary Actions With Young Black Males

According to a new study led by researchers at Stanford University, brief exercises that address middle school students’ worries about belonging can help young Black males develop better relationships with teachers and sharply reduce their risk of being disciplined years into the future.

Black Male Athletes Make Up a High Percentage of Black Male Enrollments in Power 5 Conferences

Black Male Athletes Make Up a High Percentage of Black Male Enrollments in Power 5 Conferences

The report notes that currently, Black men represent less than 10 percent of total full-time, undergraduate male degree seekers at nearly all of the colleges in each of the Power Five conferences.

Survey Examines Racial Differences in Who Pays for College

Survey Examines Racial Differences in Who Pays for College

A survey conducted for LendEDU examines the percentages of college students who pay for all or some of their education. In what may come as a surprise to many readers, when the data was broken down by race, there are only small differences between Blacks and Whites.

Black Role Models Play a Large Role in STEM Retention Rates for African American Women

Black Role Models Play a Large Role in STEM Retention Rates for African American Women

According to the research, Black women earn only 2.9 percent of all STEM bachelor’s degrees in the United States. This is far below the rate of White women, despite the fact that White women and Black women are equally likely to express an interest in STEM fields at the beginning of their college careers.

Study Finds African-Americans More Likely Than Whites to Have Less Wealth Than Their Parents

Study Finds African-Americans More Likely Than Whites to Have Less Wealth Than Their Parents

The racial wealth gap can play a significant role in access to quality higher education. Components of family wealth, such as stocks, bonds, money in the bank, and real estate, produce interest, dividends, or rental income which are commonly used to offset or pay college costs.

Predatory Lending Targeting Blacks Had Its Roots in the Antebellum South

Predatory Lending Targeting Blacks Had Its Roots in the Antebellum South

Amanda Gibson, a Ph.D student at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, has recently complied evidence that traces today’s predatory financial practices to economic victimization of free and enslaved African-Americans in the pre-emancipation South.

Severely Depressed African-Americans are More Likely to be Misdiagnosed as Schizophrenic

Severely Depressed African-Americans are More Likely to be Misdiagnosed as Schizophrenic

The results found that clinicians failed to effectively weigh mood symptoms when diagnosing schizophrenia among African-Americans, suggesting that racial bias, whether conscious or subconscious, is one factor in the diagnosis of schizophrenia in this population.

Racial Student Achievement Gaps Have Remain Stagnant Over the Past 50 Years

Racial Student Achievement Gaps Have Remain Stagnant Over the Past 50 Years

While the Black-White achievement gap did narrow in the early decades of the period under study, it has remained stagnant for the past 25 years. Gains among 17-year-olds amounted to only 2 percent per decade, and none at all for the last quarter-century.

Report Finds African-American Youth With Autism Face More Challenges Than White Peers

Report Finds African-American Youth With Autism Face More Challenges Than White Peers

Although autism occurs in children from all backgrounds, the impacts of autism are not felt equally across all groups. A new report from Drexel University finds that youth from poorer households have fewer options for services, fewer work experiences, and generally worse outcomes than youth from more affluent households.

Berkeley Study Finds Increasing Racial Segregation in Bay Area Housing

Berkeley Study Finds Increasing Racial Segregation in Bay Area Housing

Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley found large increases in the number of low-income people of color living in newly segregated and higher-poverty areas over the 15-year period at the beginning of this century.

The Stubborn Racial Gap in Degree Attainment Rates in the United States

The Stubborn Racial Gap in Degree Attainment Rates in the United States

For Black students who entered postsecondary education in the 2011-112 academic year, 9.5 percent earned an associate’s degree and 22.7 percent were awarded a bachelor’s degree by the Spring of 2017.

The Gender Gap in African American Educational Attainment

The Gender Gap in African American Educational Attainment

Black women hold a significant edge over Black men in degree attainments at all levels. Black women hold a huge lead in master’s degrees. In 2018, there were 1,185,000 Black women who held a master’s degree but no higher degree. For Black men, the figure was 708,000.

Major New Report on the Status and Trends Relating to African American Education

Major New Report on the Status and Trends Relating to African American Education

Most of the information is contained in other federal reports, but the 228-page report is useful as it collects data on African American educational attainment at all levels in one place.

The Racial Gap in Educational Attainment in the United States

The Racial Gap in Educational Attainment in the United States

Well more than one third, 38.8 percent, of non-Hispanic Whites over the age of 25, have obtained at least a bachelor’s degree. For African American adults, 25.2 percent have earned a bachelor’s degree or higher.

Why Are Black Students More Likely Than Whites to Leave STEM Majors in College?

Why Are Black Students More Likely Than Whites to Leave STEM Majors in College?

The authors note that Black students in STEM classrooms “are subjected to specific stereotypes about their presumed inferior cognitive and mathematical ability” and in these classrooms “students must essentially prove that they deserve to stay.”

African Americans Making Little Progress in College Sports Administration and Coaching

African Americans Making Little Progress in College Sports Administration and Coaching

According to a recent report from the Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport (TIDES) at the University of Central Florida, Blacks are 45 percent of the football players in Division I but only 6.9 percent of the head football coaches. This was down from 7.7 percent in the prior year.

Study Finds the Vast Majority of Americans Say Race Should Not Be a Factor in College Admissions

Study Finds the Vast Majority of Americans Say Race Should Not Be a Factor in College Admissions

A new survey from the Pew Research Center has found that 73 percent of Americans believe that colleges and universities should not consider race or ethnicity when making admissions decisions. Only 7 percent say race should be a major factor in admissions and 19 percent say it should be a minor factor.

Report Finds More Black Students in California are Attending College, but Only Half Graduate

Report Finds More Black Students in California are Attending College, but Only Half Graduate

According to a report from The Campaign for College Opportunity, two-thirds of all Black adults in California have gone to college. However, the study also found that half of Black adults in California left college without a degree.

Study Finds Black Students Are More Successful When Professors Believe Intelligence is Malleable

Study Finds Black Students Are More Successful When Professors Believe Intelligence is Malleable

A recent study from social psychologists at Indiana University has found that STEM students, especially students from underrepresented groups, are more successful when their professors believe intelligence is a malleable quality that can be improved over time.

Women Now Hold A Majority of All Faculty Posts Held by Blacks But Trail in Full Professorships

Women Now Hold A Majority of All Faculty Posts Held by Blacks But Trail in Full Professorships

Unlike every other racial and ethnic group in the United States, Black women hold more faculty posts than Black men. In 2017, White women made up 46.5 percent of all White faculty members. But that year, Black women were 57.2 percent of all Black faculty.

Study Finds Race of Messenger Affects How Users Interact With Posts on Twitter

Study Finds Race of Messenger Affects How Users Interact With Posts on Twitter

Using eye-tracking devices, researchers found that young White Americans looked longer at messages from White Twitter users about Colin Kaepernick and his national anthem protests. But when questioned, the participants stated that that they would be more likely to engage with Black Twitter users.

African Americans Are Five Times As Likely as Whites to Have Extremely High Blood Pressure

African Americans Are Five Times As Likely as Whites to Have Extremely High Blood Pressure

A new study has found that African Americans in inner-cities are five times as likely as Whites to experience hypertensive emergency, which is defined as extremely high blood pressure that can lead to stroke, heart attacks, and acute kidney damage.

Blacks Making Only Snail-Like Progress in Closing the Racial Gap in Faculty Posts

Blacks Making Only Snail-Like Progress in Closing the Racial Gap in Faculty Posts

In 2017, Blacks made up 5.5 percent of all instructional faculty members in U.S. higher education. Eight years earlier in 2009, Blacks were 5.4 percent of all instructional faculty. In 2017, Blacks were only 3.8 percent of all full professors.

New Census Data Shows a Large Racial Gap in Attrition Rates in College Enrollments

New Census Data Shows a Large Racial Gap in Attrition Rates in College Enrollments

In October 2017, there were 719,000 African American first-year students, 664,000 African Americans in their second year, 608,000 in their third year and 324,000 African Americans in their fourth year of college.

New Report Offers a Wealth of Data on the Status of African Americans in Higher Education

New Report Offers a Wealth of Data on the Status of African Americans in Higher Education

The American Council on Education recently released a 336-page report on the status of underrepresented groups in higher education. Data on college and graduate student enrollments, persistence, graduation, student debt, faculty, and employment and earnings of college graduates is included in the report.

Study Finds No Evidence of Bias in First Stage of the NIH Grant Review Process

Study Finds No Evidence of Bias in First Stage of the NIH Grant Review Process

A new study from researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has found that bias towards women and Black scientists is unlikely in the initial phase of the process the National Institutes of Health uses to review applications for grants.

Study Finds Black School Students With Disabilities Are More Likely to Be Suspended or Expelled

Study Finds Black School Students With Disabilities Are More Likely to Be Suspended or Expelled

The researchers found that Black girls with disabilities had the highest rate of overrepresentation in-school suspension and out-of-school suspension. Black boys experienced a greater representation in in-school suspension.

Study Finds People Believe Themselves to Be Less Racist Than Is Actually the Case

Study Finds People Believe Themselves to Be Less Racist Than Is Actually the Case

The research team surveyed participants and asked if they had ever participated in various racist activities. Several months later, the participants were provided with a list of racist behaviors that purportedly were done by a fellow student but were in fact based on the participants own behavior.

Report Finds Large Disparities in Black Student Representation at Selective Public Universities

Report Finds Large Disparities in Black Student Representation at Selective Public Universities

A new brief from Demos, a nonprofit organization in Washington and New York working to promote democracy and equality, finds that most states have very far to go in making their selective institutions representative of the population of their state.

Study Finds White Teachers of Black Students More Likely to Punish Students for Misbehavior

Study Finds White Teachers of Black Students More Likely to Punish Students for Misbehavior

A new study finds that White teachers in majority-Black classrooms have more negative, highly charged interactions with students regarding classroom behavior than White teachers in predominately White classrooms and Black teachers in predominately Black classrooms.

Study Finds Evidence of Implicit Bias Against Black Boys Among Pre-School Aged Children

Study Finds Evidence of Implicit Bias Against Black Boys Among Pre-School Aged Children

Across two implicit bias experiments, children favored the images they saw after viewing faces of White children over those following images they were shown after viewing faces of Black children. In particular, children rated neutral images significantly less positively if they followed pictures of Black boys.