Research & Studies

Study Finds a Bias in the Perception of the Size and Threat of Black Men

Study Finds a Bias in the Perception of the Size and Threat of Black Men

People have a tendency to perceive Black men as larger and more threatening than similarly sized White men, according to new research. This may explain why Black men are more likely to be shot by police, the study says.

An Ambitious Blueprint for Equity in Higher Education

An Ambitious Blueprint for Equity in Higher Education

The report from the organization Young Invincibles, makes a series of recommendations on revamping the Pell Grant system, making it easier to repay student loans, offering more child care services on campus, and stronger protections for students against for-profit educational institutions.

Study Finds Blacks Far More Likely to Be Wrongfully Convicted of Crimes

Study Finds Blacks Far More Likely to Be Wrongfully Convicted of Crimes

The National Registry of Exonerations examined the cases of 1,900 defendants who were convicted of crimes between 1989 and 2016 and later exonerated. They found that 47 percent of these exonerated defendants were African Americans.

Study Shows Racial Gap in Medical Honor Society Membership

Study Shows Racial Gap in Medical Honor Society Membership

A new study led by researchers at the Yale School of Medicine finds that White medical school students were nearly six times as likely as Black students to be chosen as members of Alpha Omega Alpha.

University Study Finds School Discipline Policies Unfairly Impact Black Girls

University Study Finds School Discipline Policies Unfairly Impact Black Girls

The authors point out that Black girls have a higher rate of suspensions than girls from any other racial or ethnic group and have a higher rate of suspension than for boys, except for African Americans and American Indians.

Report Urges Continued Investment in Public Higher Education To Eliminate Racial Disparities

Report Urges Continued Investment in Public Higher Education To Eliminate Racial Disparities

In a new report, the Center for American Progress outlines persisting racial disparities in American education and calls for continued investment in the nation’s public schools in an effort to eliminate these disparities.

Blacks Make Up a Disproportionate Share of Enrollments at For-Profit Postsecondary Schools

Blacks Make Up a Disproportionate Share of Enrollments at For-Profit Postsecondary Schools

At two-year colleges and schools, Blacks are 16 percent of all students at two-year, state-operated community colleges. But Africans Americans are 22 percent of all students at two-year, for-profit colleges.

Doctoral Awards at HBCUs Decline Slightly in 2015

Doctoral Awards at HBCUs Decline Slightly in 2015

In 2015, 431 doctorates were awarded by historically Black colleges and universities. A year ago, the 448 doctorates awarded by HBCUs was the highest total since JBHE began tracking this statistic. This year there was a small 3.8 percent decline in doctorates awarded by HBCUs.

The Education Trust Examines the Racial Gap in College Graduation Rates

The Education Trust Examines the Racial Gap in College Graduation Rates

The report identifies 18 universities where the Black graduation rate is either higher than the rate for White students or is only slight lower than the rate for White students. In contrast, the report identifies 21 universities where the graduation rate gap is very large.

The Racial Gap in Administrative Posts in Higher Education

The Racial Gap in Administrative Posts in Higher Education

A new report from the College and University Professional Association for Human Resources finds that Blacks hold only 7 percent of all administrative posts in higher education. But Black and other minority administrators now earn at levels similar to their White counterparts.

Misbehavior and Negative Attitudes Do Not Explain the High Suspension Rates of Black Students

Misbehavior and Negative Attitudes Do Not Explain the High Suspension Rates of Black Students

The results of two studies found that, although some differences existed among races in certain types of misbehavior, these differences could not explain the disproportionalities in suspension rates.

Study Finds More Black Police May Not Prevent Police Shootings of African Americans

Study Finds More Black Police May Not Prevent Police Shootings of African Americans

A new study by researchers at Indiana University, finds that the hiring of more Black police officers will not reduce the number of Black citizens who are shot by police unless the percentage of Black officers on the force reaches 35 percent.

HBCU Participating in Major Research Project on Police Response to Minor Criminal Offenses

HBCU Participating in Major Research Project on Police Response to Minor Criminal Offenses

The six university partners – including historically Black North Carolina Central University – will be conducting research in their local communities on arrests and resolutions of criminal charges on offenses such as shoplifting, fraud, petty theft, forgery, and drug possession.

Black Students' Loss of Trust in Their Teachers May Lead to Lower College Enrollment

Black Students’ Loss of Trust in Their Teachers May Lead to Lower College Enrollment

A new study finds that middle school students of color who lose trust in their teachers due to a perception of mistreatment or unfairness are less likely to go to college, even if they achieved good grades and test scores that qualified them for college admission.

Academic Disciplines Where African Americans Earned No Doctoral Degrees in 2015

Academic Disciplines Where African Americans Earned No Doctoral Degrees in 2015

According to the National Science Foundation, in 2015, 2,330 doctorates were awarded in 23 academic disciplines. Not one was earned by an African American.

UCLA Report Examines Racial Segregation of Schools in the Nation's Capital

UCLA Report Examines Racial Segregation of Schools in the Nation’s Capital

From 1992 to 2013, the percentage of students in the public schools in Washington who were Black declined from 89 percent to 73 percent. But more than 88 percent of Black students in the District attend schools where at least 90 percent of all students are Black.

Racial Differences in Law School Scholarships and Debt Levels

Racial Differences in Law School Scholarships and Debt Levels

The 2015 Law School Survey of Student Engagement found that 61 percent of Black law school graduates and 40 percent of White law school graduate had accumulated more than $100,000 in student loan debt. White students were more likely than Black students to receive merit scholarships.

The Persisting Racial Gap in Doctoral Degree Awards

The Persisting Racial Gap in Doctoral Degree Awards

The percentage of all doctoral degree recipients who are African Americans is increasing at only a snail’s pace. In 2005, Blacks were 6.2 percent of all U.S. citizens and permanent residents who earned doctorates. In 2015 the figure was 6.5 percent.

Research Finds an Expanding Wealth Gap at Higher Levels of Education

Research Finds an Expanding Wealth Gap at Higher Levels of Education

The study, authored by economists at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, finds that Black families with a head who has a graduate degree have average wealth that is only 85 percent of White families with a head who has only a bachelor’s degree.

Research Finds HIV Transmission Remains a Problem Among Older Blacks in Africa

Research Finds HIV Transmission Remains a Problem Among Older Blacks in Africa

The research examined the sexual behaviors of more than 5,000 adults over the age of 40 in rural South Africa. The study found that 23 percent of the older adults surveyed had HIV and half of these did not know they were infected.

The Racial Pay Gap on Corporate Boards of Directors

The Racial Pay Gap on Corporate Boards of Directors

On the boards of the largest companies that pay their directors at a higher rate, women and minorities are paid less than White men on these large company boards. The pay gap, as much as 9 percent, is due to the fact that women and minorities are less likely to hold leadership positions on these boards.

A Persistent Racial Disparity for Adults Who Receive Flu Shots

A Persistent Racial Disparity for Adults Who Receive Flu Shots

The statistics show that 39 percent of African American adults get annual flu shots compared to nearly half of White American adults. Furthermore, the data shows that efforts to address the racial disparity have had little effect.

Racial Disparity in Family Member Deaths Can Add to Overall Racial Inequality

Racial Disparity in Family Member Deaths Can Add to Overall Racial Inequality

In a study of more than 42,000 individuals born in the 1980s, the authors found that Blacks were three times more likely than Whites to lose a mother, more than twice as likely to lose a father and 20 percent more likely to lose a sibling by age 10.

Georgetown University Scholar Looks at Impact of Fast Food on Black Neighborhoods

Georgetown University Scholar Looks at Impact of Fast Food on Black Neighborhoods

Marcia Chatelain notes that fast food has contributed to racial health disparities between Blacks and Whites. But she also notes that fast food franchises have provided many jobs in these communities and have provided scholarships for area youth and cultural events for the community.

Scholars Say Color Blindness Avoids the Still Important Issue of Race

Scholars Say Color Blindness Avoids the Still Important Issue of Race

Scholars at the University of Kansas, the University of Washington, and the University of Wyoming say that professions of color blindness tell young people that their race or ethnicity doesn’t matter or isn’t an important factor in history or their everyday lives.

Racial Differences in Use of Financial Planning Services

Racial Differences in Use of Financial Planning Services

The data from a study by researchers at the University of Georgia and Kansas State University showed that when differences in income and wealth were accounted for, Blacks were actually more willing than Whites to access financial planning services.

Driving While Black: Racial Profiling in the State of Vermont

Driving While Black: Racial Profiling in the State of Vermont

Many studies have shown that Black drivers are far more likely than White drivers to be pulled over by police. But a new study by a professor of economics at the University of Vermont, shows that the phenomenon takes places even in one of the nation’s most liberal states and one of the nation’s Whitest states.

Research Examines the Racial Disparity in Breastfeeding Rates

Research Examines the Racial Disparity in Breastfeeding Rates

The African American mothers interviewed for the study for the most part wanted to breastfeed but were hampered by systemic, institutional and cultural barriers. Limited family leave and the demands of school made it difficult for many to meet their breastfeeding goals.

New Report From The College Board Examines the Racial Gap in Educational Attainment and Earnings

New Report From The College Board Examines the Racial Gap in Educational Attainment and Earnings

The data shows that as Blacks move up the educational ladder, the racial earnings gap tends to diminish for younger workers. The report also shows that Blacks over the age of 25 with a bachelor’s degree or higher in 2015 were more likely to be in the labor force than Whites.

Addressing the Issue of Mistrust Among Black Men for the Medical Establishment

Addressing the Issue of Mistrust Among Black Men for the Medical Establishment

Scholars at Stanford University and the University of Tennessee have published a working paper through the National Bureau of Economic Research that examines the lingering effect of distrust for the medical establishment among African American men today resulting from the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment.

Study Finds a Direct Link Between Neighborhood Status and Health for African Americans

Study Finds a Direct Link Between Neighborhood Status and Health for African Americans

The analysis compared health data from participants in the Jackson [Mississippi] Heart Study to neighborhood poverty, unemployment, and other socioeconomic indicators from the 2000 U.S. Census and other data on violence and disorder.

More Evidence That Racism and Discrimination Can Negatively Impact Health of African Americans

More Evidence That Racism and Discrimination Can Negatively Impact Health of African Americans

A study led by researchers at the University of Florida found that genetic variants that predispose some people to depression, anxiety, or suicide might also make them more sensitive to the effects of discrimination and lead to higher blood pressure.

Black Scholar Develops a Smartphone App to Estimate a User's Blood Alcohol Level

Black Scholar Develops a Smartphone App to Estimate a User’s Blood Alcohol Level

Emmanuel Agu, an associate professor of computer science at Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Massachusetts, is developing AlcoGait, a smartphone app that can accurately predict a user’s level of intoxication by monitoring how he or she walks.

Study Finds That Young Children Can Learn Biases Through Nonverbal Signals From Adults

Study Finds That Young Children Can Learn Biases Through Nonverbal Signals From Adults

The research by psychologists at the University of Washington found that young children can perceive bias by parents and other adults they interact with through tone of voice or facial expressions.

Study Finds Everyday Discrimination Associated With Elevated Health Risks

Study Finds Everyday Discrimination Associated With Elevated Health Risks

Researchers interviewed a large group of African American adults in Milwaukee on their experiences with everyday racism. They also took blood, urine, and saliva samples to test for biomarkers of elevated disease risk.

UCLA Research Shows Infants Are Aware of Ethnic Differences of People They See

UCLA Research Shows Infants Are Aware of Ethnic Differences of People They See

A group of infants were shown two photographs of women of different ethnicities on a computer screen. Using technology that tracks eye movements, the researchers were able to measure which photograph the infants were looking at and for how long.