Research & Studies

The FBI Releases New Data on Hate Crimes in the United States

The FBI Releases New Data on Hate Crimes in the United States

In 2016, there 6,121 hate crime incidents reported to the federal agency by local law enforcement agencies.

United Negro College Fund Analysis Show the Economic Impact of the Nation's HBCUs

United Negro College Fund Analysis Show the Economic Impact of the Nation’s HBCUs

The study prepared by the University of Georgia’s Selig Center for Economic Growth, found that the nation’s HBCUs contribute nearly $15 billion to the nation’s economy. And HBCUs generate roughly 134,000 jobs for their local and regional economies.

Racial Differences in Mobility Rates in the United States by Educational Attainment

Racial Differences in Mobility Rates in the United States by Educational Attainment

Mobility rates were similar for Black and White high school dropouts and college graduates. But there was a much larger racial gap for high school graduates and those with a graduate or professional degree.

African Americans Underrepresented in College Athletic Leadership Posts

African Americans Underrepresented in College Athletic Leadership Posts

The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport at the University of Central Florida found that the academic and athletic administrations at the 130 colleges and universities that make up the NCAA’s Division I Football Bowl Subdivision are overwhelmingly White and male.

UCLA Study Documents the Low Representation of Black Writers in Television

UCLA Study Documents the Low Representation of Black Writers in Television

The reported authored by Darnell Hunt, dean of social sciences at UCLA, found that two-thirds of television shows had no Black writers at all, and another 17 percent of shows had just one Black writer.

A New Premed Curriculum That Includes Courses on Structural Racism

A New Premed Curriculum That Includes Courses on Structural Racism

Scholars at Vanderbilt University in Nashville have developed a new interdisciplinary curriculum for premed students that gives undergraduates an understanding of structural and institutional racism and how it can impact healthcare disparities.

Study Finds a Persistent Racial Gap in Exposure to Air Pollution

Study Finds a Persistent Racial Gap in Exposure to Air Pollution

Air pollution has been reduced nationwide but remains high in predominantly Black neighborhoods. A new study concludes that if Blacks breathed the same air as White people with similar levels of nitrogen dioxide, about 5,000 premature deaths from heart disease would be avoided annually.

Higher Income Blacks More Likely to Experience Racism and Discrimination

Higher Income Blacks More Likely to Experience Racism and Discrimination

African Americans who are climbing the socioeconomic ladder find themselves in more situations where they’re in the minority – whether that’s at school, work or in their neighborhood than is the case for lower-income African Americans.

Georgia State University Study Examines Risk and Protective Factors for Depression in Black Men

Georgia State University Study Examines Risk and Protective Factors for Depression in Black Men

White Americans are more likely that African Americans to have a major depressive disorder. But Black men are more likely than their White peers to experience depressive symptoms. The study found that Black men report an average of eight depressive incidents per month.

Scholar Examines the Decrease in Black Teachers and What to Do About It

Scholar Examines the Decrease in Black Teachers and What to Do About It

Valerie Hill-Jackson, clinical professor of critical teacher education at Texas A&M University, has conducted extensive research on Black teachers in the nation’s public school systems. She offers recommendations on what to do to recruit and retain Black teachers.

New York University Study Shows School Diversity Has a Positive Impact on Achievement

New York University Study Shows School Diversity Has a Positive Impact on Achievement

The researchers found that there was a modest benefit for students attending the most diverse schools. Young students at more diverse schools scored better on achievement tests in mathematics and English and high school graduation rates at more diverse schools were higher.

Scholarly Study Finds That Racism May Negatively Impact the Health of Whites

Scholarly Study Finds That Racism May Negatively Impact the Health of Whites

The authors point out that health care policies that favor the mostly White upper and upper-middle classes may be impacted by racism directed against lower-class African Americans. But these policies also have a negative effect on an even larger group of poor Whites.

Study Finds Major Racial Disparities in Student Loan Default Rates

Study Finds Major Racial Disparities in Student Loan Default Rates

A new report from the Center for American Progress found that nearly one half of all African American students who entered college in the 2003-04 academic year and took out federal loans had defaulted on their payments over the next dozen years. For Whites, the figure was 21 percent.

Homicide Is the Biggest Contributor to Years of Lost Life Among African Americans

Homicide Is the Biggest Contributor to Years of Lost Life Among African Americans

In a revealing new study conducted by researchers at the Indiana University School of Public Health in Bloomington, it was established that homicide is the largest contributor to potential years of life lost among Black Americans. For Whites, homicide was the only 12th highest contributor to potential years of lost life.

University of Virginia Research Expands Knowledge of Former Slaves Who Fought for the Union Army

University of Virginia Research Expands Knowledge of Former Slaves Who Fought for the Union Army

Using military and pension records, researchers have compiled a list of 240 Black men from Albemarle County who served in the Union Army. The men included former slaves and free Blacks.

The Very Large Racial Gap in College Graduation Rates Persists

The Very Large Racial Gap in College Graduation Rates Persists

The statistics show that 35.8 percent of Black students who enrolled at four-year colleges in 2010 had earned a diploma by 2016. For Whites, 60.7 percent of students who entered college in 2010 had graduated by 2016.

Racial Disparities in College Enrollment and Retention in Los Angeles

Racial Disparities in College Enrollment and Retention in Los Angeles

A new study examines college enrollment and retention rates of graduates of the Los Angeles Unified School District. The data shows a high level of participation in college but low levels of successful completion.

New Report Details Racial Differences in Parent Involvement in Their Children's Education

New Report Details Racial Differences in Parent Involvement in Their Children’s Education

A new report from the U.S. Department of Education examines the extent to which parents are involved in their children’s education. Some of the data in the report is broken down by racial and ethnic group.

Study Looks at Racial Gap Between Students and Teachers in the Nation's Public Schools

Study Looks at Racial Gap Between Students and Teachers in the Nation’s Public Schools

The analysis by the Center for American Progress concluded that teacher diversity numbers have only gotten worse since a similar study by the center that was published in 2012. The new analysis found that California has the largest gap — 40 percentage points — between nonwhite students and teachers.

Americans Are Unaware of the Vast Racial Disparities in Economic Well-Being

Americans Are Unaware of the Vast Racial Disparities in Economic Well-Being

The researchers weighed participants’ estimates on several economic indicators against federal data and found that average estimates of current levels of racial economic equality exceeded reality by roughly 25 percent.

University of Georgia Led Study Examines Huge Racial Disparity in Felony Convictions

University of Georgia Led Study Examines Huge Racial Disparity in Felony Convictions

The study determined that African American men were five times as likely as the general population to have served time in prison. The study also found that 8 percent of the overall population had been convicted of a felony at some point in their lives. But the rate for African American men is 33 percent.

Examining the Data on Black Enrollments in U.S. Graduate Schools

Examining the Data on Black Enrollments in U.S. Graduate Schools

According to a new report by the Council on Graduate Schools, in 2016, there were 184,235 Black students enrolled in graduate programs in the United States. They made up 10 percent of total enrollments. Women made up nearly 70 percent of all Black enrollments in graduate education.

Voters Don't Punish Elected School Board Members for Low Black Student Academic Achievement

Voters Don’t Punish Elected School Board Members for Low Black Student Academic Achievement

A new study finds that voters are likely to punish elected school board members when the academic achievement of White students in their district is not up to expectations. But they found no similar effect when Black student achievement lagged expectations.

Racial Differences in the Care and Education of Young Children in the United States

Racial Differences in the Care and Education of Young Children in the United States

Some 68 percent of African American children under the age of 6 are cared for by people other than their parents each week. Some 20 percent of Black children under the age of six who are cared for in a facility outside of the home, are in a care center in a public school.

Study Examines the Racial Wage Gap for Faculty at Public Universities

Study Examines the Racial Wage Gap for Faculty at Public Universities

Black faculty earned lower salaries, on average, compared to White faculty — approximately $10,000 to $15,000 less per year. The authors found that wage gaps were largely due to three factors: amount of work experience, research productivity and field of expertise.

Study Examines Voter Turnout Among African American College Students

Study Examines Voter Turnout Among African American College Students

The turnout rate for all African American college students declined by 5.3 percentage points in 2016 when compared to the 2012 rate. At historically Black colleges and universities the student voter turnout rate had a much steeper decline.

The Large Racial Poverty Gap and Its Impact on Higher Education

The Large Racial Poverty Gap and Its Impact on Higher Education

The U.S. Census Bureau has released its annual report on poverty in the United States. The report shows that in 2016, 9,234,000 African Americans were living below the official poverty line in the United States. This was 22 percent of the entire Black population.

Diversity in Friendships at School Can Lead to Greater Academic Success

Diversity in Friendships at School Can Lead to Greater Academic Success

A new study by scholars at the University of California, Davis finds that early adolescents’ grades were higher when they socialized with peers from other ethnicities. Researchers examined the lunch companions of 800 sixth grade students in three states and examined differences in their grades.

Psychologists Find White College Students Continue to Hold Prejudicial Beliefs

Psychologists Find White College Students Continue to Hold Prejudicial Beliefs

A new study finds that many White college students continue to harbor racists beliefs. These beliefs lead many White students to communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative racial slights and insults in the form of microaggressions.

A Slight Improvement in the Still Large Racial Gap in Median Household Income

A Slight Improvement in the Still Large Racial Gap in Median Household Income

The median income of Black households in the United States in 2016 was $39,490. For non-Hispanic White households in 2016, the median income figure was $65,041. Despite a small improvement this year, the racial gap in median income has remained virtually unchanged for nearly a half century.

The Huge Racial Gap in College Readiness as Measured by the ACT Test

The Huge Racial Gap in College Readiness as Measured by the ACT Test

Some 35 percent of Whites who took the ACT test were deemed college ready in all four areas of English, mathematics, reading, and science. For Blacks, only 6 percent of all test takers were deemed college ready in all four areas.

The Business Schools With the Most Faculty From Underrepresented Groups

The Business Schools With the Most Faculty From Underrepresented Groups

The survey by the PhD Project found that there are 22 faculty members from underrepresented groups at the business school at North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro. This was the largest number of any business school in the United States.

Differences in Treatment for Those Who Suffer Cardiac Arrest by Racial Makeup of Neighborhood

Differences in Treatment for Those Who Suffer Cardiac Arrest by Racial Makeup of Neighborhood

A new study, led by a Duke University School of Medicine scholar, found that people who live in predominantly White neighborhoods are much more likely than people who live in predominantly Black neighborhoods to be treated with CPR or a defibrillator after suffering cardiac arrest.

Racial/Ethnic Differences in the College Application Process

Racial/Ethnic Differences in the College Application Process

For those students who entered high school in 2009 and had applied to college by 2013, 37 percent of Black students had applied to only one college. Some 23 percent of all Black students had applied to five or more colleges.

Racial Gap in Home Ownership Is Significant at All Educational Levels

Racial Gap in Home Ownership Is Significant at All Educational Levels

Some 70 percent of Whites with a college degree own their home. But less than half of African American college graduates own their home. Even more striking is the fact that the racial gap in home ownership rates for college graduates has actually increased since 1980.

College Students Found to Have Unconscious Racial Bias Toward Black Athletes

College Students Found to Have Unconscious Racial Bias Toward Black Athletes

A study led by Patrick Ferrucci, an assistant professor of journalism at the University of Colorado, suggests that unconscious racial bias, propagated in part by sports media, still influences how the public views the quarterback position in the game of football.