Research & Studies

A New Academic Debate on Race and Genetics

A New Academic Debate on Race and Genetics

An academic debate on genetics differences between population groups focuses on whether these differences have anything to do with the concept of race or rather are simply due to differences in geography and environment.

United States Coast Guard Academy Conducts Assessment of Its Diversity Efforts

United States Coast Guard Academy Conducts Assessment of Its Diversity Efforts

The United States Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut, is the first service academy to undergo the Equity Scorecard process developed by the Center for Urban Education at the University of Southern California.

Study Shows How to Increase Black Male Teachers in Special Education Programs

Study Shows How to Increase Black Male Teachers in Special Education Programs

The strategy involves developing specific motivations for Black men to become special education teachers as well as focused strategies for recruitment and retention of Black males for these positions.

Students of Color Are Shortchanged in Higher Education Spending by States

Students of Color Are Shortchanged in Higher Education Spending by States

A new report from the Center for American Progress finds that the amount spent per student of color — defined here as Black and Latino students — at public two- and four-year colleges is more than $1,000 less per year than what is spent on their White counterparts.

Study Finds Healthcare Clinicians Have Low Expectations for Their Black Patients

Study Finds Healthcare Clinicians Have Low Expectations for Their Black Patients

A new study finds that doctors and other healthcare providers rated White patients as significantly more likely to improve, more likely to adhere to recommended treatments, and be more personally responsible for their health than Black patients.

Study Reveals Obstacles Faced by Black Men in Doctoral Programs in Engineering

Study Reveals Obstacles Faced by Black Men in Doctoral Programs in Engineering

A new study led by researchers at Iowa State University, the University of Alabama, and the University of Utah examines the experiences of Black men in doctoral programs in engineering. The study found that for Black men in these graduate degree programs, race was a greater obstacle than they expected.

Fields Where African Americans Earn Few or No Doctoral Degrees

Fields Where African Americans Earn Few or No Doctoral Degrees

Blacks are vastly underrepresented among doctoral degree recipients in some disciplines. For example, in 2016 African Americans earned only 1.8 percent of all doctorates awarded in physics to U.S. citizens and permanent residents.

Academic Study Examines Racial Disparity in Perinatal Depression

Academic Study Examines Racial Disparity in Perinatal Depression

A new study by researchers at the University of Illinois and Northwestern University find that Black and Latina women, who are at increased risk of perinatal depression, are less likely that their White peers to be screened or treated for the condition.

Eliminating the Racial Gap in Infant Mortality Rates

Eliminating the Racial Gap in Infant Mortality Rates

A new report from the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University and the Insight Center for Community Economic Development provides information on the racial gap in infant mortality and offers strategies that may be employed to eliminate the disparity.

Doctoral Awards at Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Doctoral Awards at Historically Black Colleges and Universities

National Science Foundation data shows that historically Black colleges and universities awarded 432 doctorates in 2016. This was 0.8 percent of all doctorates awarded in the United States. Howard University leads the list with 93 doctoral awards.

Study Examines How Tuition Hikes Impact Campus Diversity

Study Examines How Tuition Hikes Impact Campus Diversity

A new study authored by Drew Allen of Princeton University and Gregory C. Wolniak of New York University found that a $1,000 tuition increase at 4-year, non-selective public institutions is associated with a 4.5 percent drop in campus diversity among full-time freshmen.

North Carolina State University Project to Address Perceived Bias in Engineering Education

North Carolina State University Project to Address Perceived Bias in Engineering Education

The new study aims to develop a set of best practices which can be implemented by universities to reduce perceived bias in graduate engineering programs, and possibly for other STEM graduate programs.

The Persisting Racial Gap in Doctoral Degree Awards

The Persisting Racial Gap in Doctoral Degree Awards

African Americans earned 6.6 percent of all doctoral degrees awarded to students who are U.S. citizens or permanent residents of this country. Thus, African Americans earned about one half the number of doctorates that would be the case if racial parity with the U.S. Black population prevailed.

New Study Establishes a Link Between Discrimination and High Blood Pressure

New Study Establishes a Link Between Discrimination and High Blood Pressure

A new study led by researchers at the University of California, Irvine finds that Black and Latino adults who reported they had been victims or discrimination were more likely to have high blood pressure than their peers who had experienced less incidents of discrimination.

New Federal Data Show Racial Disparities in Adherence to Safe Sleep Guidelines for Babies

New Federal Data Show Racial Disparities in Adherence to Safe Sleep Guidelines for Babies

A new federal report finds significant racial disparities in safe-sleeping procedures for babies. For instance, 22 percent of all parents do not place babies on their back to sleep. But the rate for Whites is 16 percent compared to 38 percent for African Americans.

Do Black Male Student Althletes Graduate at a Higher Rate Than All Black Male Students?

Do Black Male Student Althletes Graduate at a Higher Rate Than All Black Male Students?

There is the general impression that the Black athletes we see on the college football field or basketball court are doing better academically than their Black peers who do not compete in intercollegiate athletics. But a new study says this is not true at the powerhouses of collegiate sports.

Report Shows Lack of Diversity in Faculty and Administrators  in California Higher Education

Report Shows Lack of Diversity in Faculty and Administrators in California Higher Education

The study by the Campaign for College Opportunity finds that 69 percent of all undergraduate students in California are from non-White ethnic groups. Yet, more than 60 percent of college faculty and senior administrative leadership posts are held by Whites.

Studying Air Pollution in a High-Traffic Area Near a Historically Black University

Studying Air Pollution in a High-Traffic Area Near a Historically Black University

Air pollution has been shown to produce a greater risk of cardiovascular and other diseases. Many historically Black colleges and universities are located in the urban areas that may have high levels of air pollution, due largely from motor vehicle exhaust.

Researchers Find Instructor Bias Creeps into Online Education

Researchers Find Instructor Bias Creeps into Online Education

The researchers created fake accounts for students in 124 massive open online courses. The names associated with the accounts were designed to give a strong indication that students were either White, Black, Indian, or Chinese. White males were the most likely to get responses from instructors.

African Americans Making Little Progress in College Sports Administration

African Americans Making Little Progress in College Sports Administration

According to a new report by Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport at the University of Central Florida, Blacks are 44 percent of the football players in the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s Division I but only 7.7 percent of the head football coaches.

UCLA Reports Examines Racial Diversity in Hollywood

UCLA Reports Examines Racial Diversity in Hollywood

The report found that films with casts made up of 21 to 30 percent minority actors enjoyed the highest median global box office ticket sales and the highest median return on investment. Films with the most racially homogenous casts were the poorest financial performers.

New Report Examines the Persisting Racial Wealth Gap Among U.S. Households

New Report Examines the Persisting Racial Wealth Gap Among U.S. Households

A new report from the Center for American Progress finds that in 2016 the median wealth of Black households led by a person who was at least 25 years old was $13,460. For similar White households the median wealth was $142,180.

The Racial Gap in High School Completion and Dropout Rates

The Racial Gap in High School Completion and Dropout Rates

A new report from the U.S. Department of Education finds that in 2014 7.4 percent of all Blacks ages 16 through 24 were not enrolled in school and did not have a high school diploma or equivalent certificate. For Whites the figure was 5.2 percent.

Academic Study Finds a Large Racial Gap in Trust of Public Water Supplies

Academic Study Finds a Large Racial Gap in Trust of Public Water Supplies

The study, led by an assistant professor at Penn State, found that only 38 percent of Black adults drank tap water daily compared to 61 percent of White adults. Also, 46 percent of Black adults consumed bottle water every day compared to 26 percent of White adults.

Study Finds That Police Are More Likely to Use Force Against Higher Income Black Women

Study Finds That Police Are More Likely to Use Force Against Higher Income Black Women

The study showed that for Black men, the lower their income the more likely they were to be the subject of police force. But just the opposite was true for Black women.

Race Determined to Be a Major Factor for Employment of Breast Cancer Survivors

Race Determined to Be a Major Factor for Employment of Breast Cancer Survivors

In a study conducted at Washington University in St. Louis, the data showed that African-American patients were four times more likely to leave the workforce despite fighting a cancer with high survival rates than was the case for White patients of the same age.

On Foreign Language AP Tests, the Racial Scoring Gap Is Small

On Foreign Language AP Tests, the Racial Scoring Gap Is Small

For all Advanced Placement tests combined in 2017, the average score for Blacks was 2.03, compared to the average White score of 3.02. But Black students do better in relationship to Whites on some AP tests, particular foreign language tests.

Academic Study Finds That Hip-Hop Music Encourages Black Youth to Try Ecstasy

Academic Study Finds That Hip-Hop Music Encourages Black Youth to Try Ecstasy

The study notes that lyrics in popular Hip-Hop music glorify the use of the drug. The authors interviewed a group of ecstasy users and found that 82 percent said that Hip-Hop music had influenced their decision to use the drug.

MIT Scholar Finds Racial Bias in Commercial Facial Analysis Programs

MIT Scholar Finds Racial Bias in Commercial Facial Analysis Programs

The study found that commercially available face analysis programs had a very low error rate when determining the gender of light-skinned men. For women who had the darkest skin, the systems failed to accurately determine their gender nearly half the time.

New Research Verifies Glass Was Manufactured in Africa Before the Arrival of Europeans

New Research Verifies Glass Was Manufactured in Africa Before the Arrival of Europeans

Abidemi Babatunde Babalola, a visiting fellow at Harvard University with a Ph.D. in anthropology from Rice University in Houston, finds that that glass was being produced in sub-Saharan Africa as early as the 11th century, well before the arrival of Europeans.

Study by Ohio State University Economists Shows Black Politicians Matter

Study by Ohio State University Economists Shows Black Politicians Matter

A new National Bureau of Economic Research working paper by Trevon Logan, a professor of economics at Ohio State University, finds that when Blacks hold political power their economic status rises. But when they lose political power, their economic fortunes dwindle.

Confronting the Problem of Teachers' Low Expectations for Black Students

Confronting the Problem of Teachers’ Low Expectations for Black Students

The results showed that mathematics teachers had lower expectations for children from underrepresented groups and for White girls. And the students who were not expected to do well by their teachers did not fare well academically.

The Racial Gap in Advancement Placement Test Scores

The Racial Gap in Advancement Placement Test Scores

The average score on Advanced Placement examinations for African American students in 2017 was 2.03. On the AP scoring system of 5 to 1, a score of 2 is equivalent to a grade of D in a college-level course. For White students the average score on all AP tests was 3.02, roughly equivalent to a letter grade of C.

Will Eliminating Hunger Boost Academic Performance of African American College Students?

Will Eliminating Hunger Boost Academic Performance of African American College Students?

A new study is being conducted by the University of Houston to see if a program that will provide food to Black and Latino/a students at Houston Community College will result in better academic performance and increase retention rates.

The Large Racial Gap in Medical School Faculty

The Large Racial Gap in Medical School Faculty

Data from the Association of American Medical Colleges show that in 2016 there were 5,075 Black or African American faculty at U.S. medical schools. They made up just 3 percent of all faculty members at medical schools. Blacks made up just 1.6 percent of all full professors at U.S. medical schools in 2016.

Number of Hate Groups Has Stalled While Hate Incidents Have Increased

Number of Hate Groups Has Stalled While Hate Incidents Have Increased

A new analysis by David Cunningham, a professor of sociology at Washington University in St. Louis, finds that the growth of hate groups in the United States has slowed since the inauguration of Donald Trump as President of the United States. However, the number of hate incidents has increased.