Research & Studies

Stanford University Report Documents Persisting Racial Inequality in the United States

Stanford University Report Documents Persisting Racial Inequality in the United States

The study finds that despite gains in educational attainments for African Americans and other underrepresented groups, profound and persisting inequalities exist in the United States in areas such as employment, health and housing.

Widespread Job Losses in a Community Impact College Attendance Patterns

Widespread Job Losses in a Community Impact College Attendance Patterns

Researchers at Duke University found that simple economics aren’t the only factor at play. Widespread job losses for parents and guardians also trigger adolescent emotional problems and poor academic performance, which, in turn, puts college out of reach.

Youth Binge Drinking Is Declining But Less So for Black Adolescents

Youth Binge Drinking Is Declining But Less So for Black Adolescents

A new study led by researchers at the University of Michigan found that the rate of binge drinking among adolescents is dropping. The bad news is that decline in binge drinking among Black youth has not been as significant as it has been for other racial and ethnic groups.

Stanford University Study Develops Method to Quantify Racial Bias in Traffic Stops

Stanford University Study Develops Method to Quantify Racial Bias in Traffic Stops

The intellectual heart of the project involved the development of a more nuanced and statistically valid way to infer racial or ethnic discrimination after a person is pulled over for a traffic stop.

New Report Examines the Status of Black Women in the United States

New Report Examines the Status of Black Women in the United States

A new report, issued by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, finds that despite significant progress in higher education, voter participation, and business ownership, Black women continue to lag behind other women in many socioeconomic indicators.

University of Connecticut Study Finds Racial Differences in Coping With Overweight Stigma

University of Connecticut Study Finds Racial Differences in Coping With Overweight Stigma

The study asked a large group of adults if they had been treated unfairly, discriminated against, or made fun of because of their weight and how they coped with these experiences. The researchers found that Blacks were less likely than Whites to blame themselves for being overweight.

New York University Scholar Examines Teacher Racial Bias and Academic Expectations

New York University Scholar Examines Teacher Racial Bias and Academic Expectations

A study by an assistant professor of education at New York University finds that public school English and mathematics teachers tend to underestimate the academic abilities of African Americans and other students of color and this tends to impact their grades.

Study Finds That Racial Disparity in Heart Attack Mortality Impacted by Hospital Overcrowding

Study Finds That Racial Disparity in Heart Attack Mortality Impacted by Hospital Overcrowding

Researchers found that Black patients were 19 percent more likely to die within 90 days after suffering a heart attack than White patients. And the study appears to show that part of the reason is that they did not receive timely hospital care after the heart attack due to overcrowding.

Higher Education Does Not Improve Health Indicators for All Racial Groups

Higher Education Does Not Improve Health Indicators for All Racial Groups

A University of Michigan led study reveals that Black men with higher education did not show better indicators of body mass index, sleep patterns, or physical activity. Higher education did not show a benefit for improving body mass index for Black women.

A Statistical Portrait of First-Year Students at Black Colleges and Universities

A Statistical Portrait of First-Year Students at Black Colleges and Universities

Many HBCUs are affiliated with conservative religious organizations. Given this fact, it is no surprise that African-American students at these colleges are more likely to hold some conservative views and positions than African-American college students generally.

Racial Differences in School Safety and Discipline

Racial Differences in School Safety and Discipline

Clearly, schools where students feel safe, are not bullied, and are not subjected daily to intimidation, violence, and drugs are schools that will be more conducive to learning and preparing students for college. But there are significant racial disparities in school safety.

Do College and University Rankings Inhibit the Drive for Racial Diversity?

Do College and University Rankings Inhibit the Drive for Racial Diversity?

The authors of the study say that the rankings tend to produce conformity, with lower-ranked educational institutions trying to emulate their higher-ranked peers.

How Higher Education Impacts the Likelihood of Interracial Marriage

How Higher Education Impacts the Likelihood of Interracial Marriage

For African Americans, the likelihood of interracial marriage increases as they move up the educational ladder. And the gender gap in interracial marriage rates for African Americans is more pronounced at higher education levels.

Eliminating the Racial Gap in Infant Mortality Is Achievable, University Study Says

Eliminating the Racial Gap in Infant Mortality Is Achievable, University Study Says

A new study shows that in 18 states, the racial gap in infant mortality rates is on track to be eliminated by the year 2050. The study notes that if the racial gap was eliminated, an estimated 4,000 lives of Black babies would be saved.

Berkeley Psychologist Looks to End Bias in School Discipline

Berkeley Psychologist Looks to End Bias in School Discipline

Jason Okonofua, an assistant professor of psychology at the University of California, Berkeley has developed an online intervention program that allows school teachers to examine their implicit racial bias before handing out punishment for students in need of discipline.

Black Americans Living in Racially Segregated Areas at Greater Risk for High Blood Pressure

Black Americans Living in Racially Segregated Areas at Greater Risk for High Blood Pressure

The study followed nearly 2,300 African Americans over a 25-year period. They found that those African Americans who moved to diverse neighborhoods saw a decrease in blood pressure and those that remained in diverse areas saw their blood pressure drop even more.

Old Dominion University Scholar Studying Leadership Issues at HBCUs

Old Dominion University Scholar Studying Leadership Issues at HBCUs

Nearly 60 percent of sitting university presidents are over the age of 60. This presents the question of who will be the next generation of HBCU leaders. Felecia Commodore of Old Dominion University in Norfolk is trying to answer that question.

The Racial Gap in School Discipline Is Widest for Girls

The Racial Gap in School Discipline Is Widest for Girls

The study of middle and high school students in a large urban district by researchers at Indiana University and the University of Kentucky, found that Blacks girls are three times as likely as White girls to be sent to the principal’s office.

Huge Racial Disparity in Prisoners Serving Life Sentences

Huge Racial Disparity in Prisoners Serving Life Sentences

According to a new report from The Sentencing Project, nearly one half of life and virtual life-sentenced prisoners are African American. In Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, and South Carolina two thirds or more are African American.

No Surprise That Black Voting Rates Dipped in 2016: Here Are the Numbers

No Surprise That Black Voting Rates Dipped in 2016: Here Are the Numbers

According to a new report from the U.S. Census Bureau, Black voter turnout decreased by seven percentage points in 2016 from 2012. In 2012, non-Hispanic Blacks were 12.9 percent of all people who cast votes in the presidential election. In 2016, this percentage dropped to 11.9 percent.

Racial Gap in Outcomes for Children Who Lived in Public Housing Have Disappeared

Racial Gap in Outcomes for Children Who Lived in Public Housing Have Disappeared

A new study by two researchers at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore has found that Black and White children who grew up in public housing tend to fare similarly in educational attainment, earnings, and employment. This was not the case several decades ago.

Many Qualified, Low-Income Students Are Not Attending Our Best Colleges

Many Qualified, Low-Income Students Are Not Attending Our Best Colleges

A new report from the Center of Education and Workforce at Georgetown University finds that nearly 90,000 students who are eligible for federal Pell Grants for low income families, are qualified to be admitted to the nation’s selective colleges and universities but do not enroll in these institutions.

Employment and Unemployment Rates by Race for Young College Students

Employment and Unemployment Rates by Race for Young College Students

For 16- to 24-year-old Blacks enrolled in college, 7.6 percent were actively seeking work but couldn’t find it. The unemployment rate for White college students in this age group was 5.7 percent.

University Study Links Racial Discrimination to Higher Asthma Rates Among Black Children

University Study Links Racial Discrimination to Higher Asthma Rates Among Black Children

The study found that Black children who reported experiencing some type of racial discrimination were 78 percent more likely to have asthma than their peers who said they had not been discriminated against.

New Report Confirms the Large Racial Gap in College Completion Rates

New Report Confirms the Large Racial Gap in College Completion Rates

A new report from the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center finds that for students entering college in 2010, more than two thirds of White students, 67.2 percent, earned their degree within six years. This was more than 21 percentage points higher than the degree completion rate for African Americans.

African Americans Have Very Little Presence in Academic Veterinary Medicine

African Americans Have Very Little Presence in Academic Veterinary Medicine

In 2017, there were 12,768 students enrolled in veterinary medicine schools. Blacks were only 2.5 percent of all students enrolled in these schools.

Boston College Reports Address How Race Impacts Economic Opportunity and Mobility

Boston College Reports Address How Race Impacts Economic Opportunity and Mobility

The reports address research related to The Opportunity Project, launched by the Obama administration in 2016. The project was designed to provide data to civic and community leaders on topics such as job creation, housing, transportation and education.

UCLA Study Questions the Strategy of Public Health Officials in Fighting HIV/AIDS in Africa

UCLA Study Questions the Strategy of Public Health Officials in Fighting HIV/AIDS in Africa

Public health officials in Africa have set a goal to diagnose 90 percent of the HIV cases and to treat 90 percent of those diagnosed by the year 2020. But an analysis by researchers at the Center for Biomedical Modeling at UCLA concludes that this strategy won’t work.

University of New Hampshire Study Finds Persisting Racial Gap in Child Poverty

University of New Hampshire Study Finds Persisting Racial Gap in Child Poverty

More than one third of all African American children continue to live in poverty. In 2015, 36.5 percent of all Black children lived in families below the poverty line. This is more than three times the rate for non-Hispanic White children.

The Percentage of Black Teachers in the Nation's Schools Shows a Significant Decline

The Percentage of Black Teachers in the Nation’s Schools Shows a Significant Decline

In 1987 there were 197,900 Black teachers employed by the nation’s elementary and secondary schools. By 2012, this number had grown to 247,900. But shockingly, the percentage of all teachers who were Black dropped from 7.5 percent to 6.4 percent.

African Americans Are More Reluctant Than Others to Take on Student Loan Debt

African Americans Are More Reluctant Than Others to Take on Student Loan Debt

The study, by researchers at Peabody College of Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, found that Black students were 7 percent more likely than other students to not consider financial aid packages that had a student loan component.

University Study Finds That Blacks Are More Likely Than Whites to Be Bullied at Work

University Study Finds That Blacks Are More Likely Than Whites to Be Bullied at Work

The results of the study, led by researchers at Georgia State University in Atlanta, showed that about one of every five workers reported being subjected to workplace bullying, but that African Americans were bullied at a higher rate than Whites.

Study Finds Colleges Can Share the Blame for the Racial Gap in Graduation Rates

Study Finds Colleges Can Share the Blame for the Racial Gap in Graduation Rates

A new study by researchers at New York University, Florida State University, and Southern Methodist University finds that more than 60 percent of the racial gap in college completion rates may be attributed to factors that occur before college.

The Racial Gap in Educational Attainment in the United States

The Racial Gap in Educational Attainment in the United States

More than one third, 37.3 percent, of non-Hispanic Whites over the age of 25, have obtained at least a bachelor’s degree. For African American adults, 23.3 percent have earned a bachelor’s degree or higher.

African Americans Making Little Progress in College Sports Administration

African Americans Making Little Progress in College Sports Administration

The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport at the University of Central Florida recently released its annual report on racial equality in college athletics. The scorecard gave a grade of C+ for racial diversity in college’s sport programs.

Strong Racial Identity Can Help Adolescents Seek Out More Diverse Friendships

Strong Racial Identity Can Help Adolescents Seek Out More Diverse Friendships

A study by researchers at the University of Michigan and the University of Arizona finds that middle school boys who are secure in their racial identity are more likely to seek out friends in other racial and ethnic groups. Not so for middle school girls.