Research & Studies

Diversity in Friendships at School Can Lead to Greater Academic Success

Diversity in Friendships at School Can Lead to Greater Academic Success

A new study by scholars at the University of California, Davis finds that early adolescents’ grades were higher when they socialized with peers from other ethnicities. Researchers examined the lunch companions of 800 sixth grade students in three states and examined differences in their grades.

Psychologists Find White College Students Continue to Hold Prejudicial Beliefs

Psychologists Find White College Students Continue to Hold Prejudicial Beliefs

A new study finds that many White college students continue to harbor racists beliefs. These beliefs lead many White students to communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative racial slights and insults in the form of microaggressions.

A Slight Improvement in the Still Large Racial Gap in Median Household Income

A Slight Improvement in the Still Large Racial Gap in Median Household Income

The median income of Black households in the United States in 2016 was $39,490. For non-Hispanic White households in 2016, the median income figure was $65,041. Despite a small improvement this year, the racial gap in median income has remained virtually unchanged for nearly a half century.

The Huge Racial Gap in College Readiness as Measured by the ACT Test

The Huge Racial Gap in College Readiness as Measured by the ACT Test

Some 35 percent of Whites who took the ACT test were deemed college ready in all four areas of English, mathematics, reading, and science. For Blacks, only 6 percent of all test takers were deemed college ready in all four areas.

The Business Schools With the Most Faculty From Underrepresented Groups

The Business Schools With the Most Faculty From Underrepresented Groups

The survey by the PhD Project found that there are 22 faculty members from underrepresented groups at the business school at North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro. This was the largest number of any business school in the United States.

Differences in Treatment for Those Who Suffer Cardiac Arrest by Racial Makeup of Neighborhood

Differences in Treatment for Those Who Suffer Cardiac Arrest by Racial Makeup of Neighborhood

A new study, led by a Duke University School of Medicine scholar, found that people who live in predominantly White neighborhoods are much more likely than people who live in predominantly Black neighborhoods to be treated with CPR or a defibrillator after suffering cardiac arrest.

Racial/Ethnic Differences in the College Application Process

Racial/Ethnic Differences in the College Application Process

For those students who entered high school in 2009 and had applied to college by 2013, 37 percent of Black students had applied to only one college. Some 23 percent of all Black students had applied to five or more colleges.

Racial Gap in Home Ownership Is Significant at All Educational Levels

Racial Gap in Home Ownership Is Significant at All Educational Levels

Some 70 percent of Whites with a college degree own their home. But less than half of African American college graduates own their home. Even more striking is the fact that the racial gap in home ownership rates for college graduates has actually increased since 1980.

College Students Found to Have Unconscious Racial Bias Toward Black Athletes

College Students Found to Have Unconscious Racial Bias Toward Black Athletes

A study led by Patrick Ferrucci, an assistant professor of journalism at the University of Colorado, suggests that unconscious racial bias, propagated in part by sports media, still influences how the public views the quarterback position in the game of football.

Black Students Making Significant Progress in Eligibility for California State Universities

Black Students Making Significant Progress in Eligibility for California State Universities

A new report by Research Triangle International found that for the California State University System in 2007, the eligibility gap between White and Black students was 13.1 percent. But by 2015 it had declined to 9.8 percent. For the University of California System, the racial eligibility gap dropped from 8.3 percentage points in 2007 to 5.4 points in 2015.

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Study Seeks to End Racial Disparity in Breast Cancer Survival Rates

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Study Seeks to End Racial Disparity in Breast Cancer Survival Rates

A new research project at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee seeks to determine if a program aimed at increasing exercise among women who have had breast cancer can contribute to a reduction in the racial disparity in breast cancer survival rates.

New Department of Education Report Provides Demographic Data on the Nation's Teachers

New Department of Education Report Provides Demographic Data on the Nation’s Teachers

According to the report, in the 2015–16 school year, there were an estimated 3,827,100 teachers in the nation’s public schools. Of these, 6.7 percent were African Americans.

Mandatory Free College Entrance Examinations Can Boost Enrollments of Low-Income Students

Mandatory Free College Entrance Examinations Can Boost Enrollments of Low-Income Students

The data showed that that for every 10 students from low-income families who took a college entrance exam before they were mandatory, there were an additional five students who didn’t take the test but who would score well enough to get into college if they did.

Arizona State Historian Wins Fellowship to Study African Americans' Views on World War II

Arizona State Historian Wins Fellowship to Study African Americans’ Views on World War II

Matthew Delmont, a professor of history and director of the School of Historical, Philosophical & Religious Studies at Arizona State University, has received a Guggenheim Fellowship that will allow him to conduct research on how African American viewed World War II at the time the war was being waged.

Michigan State Scholar Developing App to Allow Teachers to Analyze Classroom Bias

Michigan State Scholar Developing App to Allow Teachers to Analyze Classroom Bias

The Equity Quantified in Participation (EQUIP) program will record classroom interactions between teachers and students. The program will then analyze the data to see if these interactions are different based on the student’s race, ethnicity, or gender.

University of Virginia Historian Documents How Black-Owned Land Was Stolen

University of Virginia Historian Documents How Black-Owned Land Was Stolen

Dr. Andrew W. Kahrl is conducting research on how tax liens and tax sales became a tool used by predatory land speculators to acquire Black-owned land. Dr. Kahrl discovered that local officials assessed Black property owners at highly inflated rates in an effort to tax them off the land.

Racial Differences in Sleep Patterns Impact Overall Racial Health Disparities

Racial Differences in Sleep Patterns Impact Overall Racial Health Disparities

A new study by researchers at Auburn University in Alabama, Northwestern University in Illinois, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison finds that a lack of sleep is a major contributing factor in higher incidence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes among African Americans.

Study Analyzes Factors That Influence Academic Success of Athletes at HBCUs

Study Analyzes Factors That Influence Academic Success of Athletes at HBCUs

The study found that “there was a significant relationship between academic performance and current living arrangements. Participants that lived on campus performed better academically than those that lived in other housing arrangements.”

University of California-Led Study Finds Noise Pollution Highest in Black Neighborhoods

University of California-Led Study Finds Noise Pollution Highest in Black Neighborhoods

The researchers found a strong correlation between noise and race. The study found that neighborhoods with at least 75 percent Black residents had median night-time noise levels 4 decibels higher than in neighborhoods without any Black residents. Traffic noise was the biggest source of noise pollution.

Growth of Minority-Owned Employer Firms Outpaces Growth for All Firms

Growth of Minority-Owned Employer Firms Outpaces Growth for All Firms

Data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs shows that the number of minority-owned firms with paid employees increased by 5 percent in 2015 compared to 2014. This growth was more than double the rate for employer firms as a whole.

Advanced Placement Course Provides a Huge Boost to Underrepresented Students in Computer Science

Advanced Placement Course Provides a Huge Boost to Underrepresented Students in Computer Science

A new Advanced Placement Program for high school students is increasing the number of young students from underrepresented groups who are taking courses in computer science.

Education Department Report Documents Educational Inequality in the United States

Education Department Report Documents Educational Inequality in the United States

The report contains data on African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans, American Indians and other ethnic groups. There are detailed tables on enrollments, educational achievement, retention, student behavior, degree attainments, and outcomes of education.

For Black High School Students Math Tracking May Not Make Sense

For Black High School Students Math Tracking May Not Make Sense

In a project designed by researchers at the University of South Carolina, Black students assigned to a remedial mathematics track were instead taught algebra. Ninety percent of the students passed the course.

New Report Shows Blacks Still Lag in Degree Attainments

New Report Shows Blacks Still Lag in Degree Attainments

In the 2015-16 academic year, Blacks earned 10.2 percent of all degrees granted by four-year educational institutions in the United States. Blacks women outpaced Black men by a large margin at all levels of degree attainment.

Is Federal Graduation Rate Data Unfair to HBCUs?

Is Federal Graduation Rate Data Unfair to HBCUs?

A new report from the American Council on Education shows that the methodology used by the U.S. Department of Education to compute the graduation rate at HBCUs paints an unfair picture of the performance of these educational institutions in graduating their students.

New Research Shows Blacks and Other Minorities Receive Unequal Mortgage Services

New Research Shows Blacks and Other Minorities Receive Unequal Mortgage Services

A new study conducted at the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan finds that Black and other minority customers experience inferior and possibly unfair service from retail banks on mortgage products.

Survey Finds Widespread Racial and Sexual Harassment in Astronomy and Planet Science

Survey Finds Widespread Racial and Sexual Harassment in Astronomy and Planet Science

Researchers surveyed a large group of professionals and found that 39 percent of all respondents reported that they had been verbally harassed and 9 percent stated that they have been physically harassed at work within the past five years. Women of color were the most likely to be victims.

Study Finds Record Labels Glorify Antisocial Themes But Consumers Prefer Prosocial Music

Study Finds Record Labels Glorify Antisocial Themes But Consumers Prefer Prosocial Music

Antisocial themes appeared 47 percent more frequently in songs at the top of the Billboard charts than in the songs popular on Facebook. And for the songs more popular on Facebook, pro-social themes appeared 16.5 percent more frequently than in the songs popular on the Billboard charts.

New Census Study Looks at Status of African and Caribbean Immigrant Groups

New Census Study Looks at Status of African and Caribbean Immigrant Groups

Perhaps the most interesting statistic in the report is that more than 61 percent of all people living in the United States with Nigerian ancestry who are 25 or older have at least a bachelor’s degree.

University of Washington Scholar Maps Urban Sprawl and White Flight

University of Washington Scholar Maps Urban Sprawl and White Flight

As U.S. metropolitan areas have grown between 1990 and 2010, all racial and ethnic groups have tended to move away from city centers. But the data shows that Blacks have tended to migrate to inner-ring suburbs whereas Whites have moved to the outskirts.

Georgetown University Study Finds That Black Girls Are Being Robbed of Their Childhood

Georgetown University Study Finds That Black Girls Are Being Robbed of Their Childhood

A new report from the Center on Poverty and Inequality at the Georgetown University Law Center finds that adults view Black girls as less innocent and more adult-like than their White peers, especially in the age range of 5-14.

Tracking the Educational Progress of Black Millennials

Tracking the Educational Progress of Black Millennials

The National Center for Education Statistics has released a new report on the progress made by students who were sophomores in high school in the year 2002 over the next decade. The report reveals several differences between Black and White students that may be of interest.

UCLA Study Finds Middle Schoolers Are Happier in Diverse School Settings

UCLA Study Finds Middle Schoolers Are Happier in Diverse School Settings

A new study by psychologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, finds that middle school students from a variety of ethnic and racial backgrounds feel safer, less lonely, and less bullied if they attend diverse schools.

New York City Public Schools Make Progress in College Readiness But Racial Gap Remains

New York City Public Schools Make Progress in College Readiness But Racial Gap Remains

For Black students in ninth grade in 2008, 76.6 percent graduated from high school and 56.3 percent enrolled in college. For White students in the ninth grade in 2008, 82 percent graduated from high school and 71 percent enrolled in college.

Stanford University Report Documents Persisting Racial Inequality in the United States

Stanford University Report Documents Persisting Racial Inequality in the United States

The study finds that despite gains in educational attainments for African Americans and other underrepresented groups, profound and persisting inequalities exist in the United States in areas such as employment, health and housing.

Widespread Job Losses in a Community Impact College Attendance Patterns

Widespread Job Losses in a Community Impact College Attendance Patterns

Researchers at Duke University found that simple economics aren’t the only factor at play. Widespread job losses for parents and guardians also trigger adolescent emotional problems and poor academic performance, which, in turn, puts college out of reach.