Although African Americans may be academically well-prepared for an engineering curriculum various factors may contribute to the feeling of “not fitting in” or a “lack of belonging.” A new study seeks to identify factors that produce such concerns and to recommend ways to eliminate them.
Research & Studies
Environmental and earth sciences have among the largest racial shortfalls in faculty positions in higher education. Minorities make up only 11 percent of the total faculty in environmental sciences.
Andrew C. Campbell, a professor of biology at Brown University, took 50 minority students from 15 different colleges and universities on a retreat and asked them for ideas to address the shortfall of Black and other minority students in STEM disciplines.
The Journal of Progressive Policy & Practice, recently released a special issue on intersectionality titled, “Informing Higher Education Policy & Practice Through Intersectionality.”
In the 2012-13 academic year there were 2,132 scholars from sub-Saharan African nations teaching at U.S. colleges and universities. This is up nearly 13 percent from the the 2011-12 academic year.
The research by scientists at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found no correlation for sedentary work and obesity in men and a far smaller correlation for White women.
The researchers stated that factors such as gestational age, fetal survival rate, duration of hospital stay, cesarean delivery rate, and lack of prenatal care contributed to the higher incidence of maternal mortality among Black mothers.
Among the flagship state universities a decade ago, only the University of Virginia had a Black student graduation higher than 70 percent. Now there are 13 flagship state universities at which the Black student graduation rate is 70 percent or higher.
More than 289,000 American students studied at foreign institutions of higher education during the 2012-13 academic year. Of all U.S. students studying abroad, 13,411, or 4.6 percent, attended universities in sub-Saharan Africa.
The data shows that 66.3 percent of African America households have a desktop or laptop computer. More than 81 percent of White households have a desktop or laptop computer.
At half the HBCUs in our survey, the Black student graduation rate is 34 percent or lower. There are seven HBCUs in our survey where less than one in five entering Black students earn a bachelor’s degree within six years.
In the 2013-14 academic year, there were 31,113 students from sub-Saharan Africa enrolled at colleges and universities in the United States. They made up 3.5 percent of the 886,052 foreign students at U.S. colleges and universities.
The authors of the report from the Perception Institute conclude that although many people are not outwardly racist, they continue to harbor racist stereotypes that impact their behavior.
A new study by the Center for American Progress estimates that if educational gaps were closed and incomes rose to coincide with the educational gains, the gross domestic product would grow by $2.3 trillion by the year 2050.
The authors found that for disadvantaged students, who represent the majority of community college-goers, enrolling at a community college has a modest positive effect on their likelihood of completing a bachelor’s degree.
A decade ago, only five of the nation’s highest-ranked colleges and universities had Black graduation rates of 90 percent or more, compared to 15 today. In addition, many of these top schools have narrowed the racial graduation rate gap.
In 2014, African Americans were 8.1 percent of all applicants to U.S. medical schools. Blacks were 6.9 percent of the students who matriculated at U.S. medical schools in 2014.
African Americans account for 57 percent of new HIV/AIDS cases among women. But a focus group study found that many African American mothers and their daughters do not talk about the issue.
At the nation’s largest universities, the Black student graduation rate of 45 percent is 21 percentage points lower than the graduation rate for White students. This gap has existed for decades and shows no sign of improvement.
A new survey conducted for the Afterschool Alliance finds that 2.4 million African American children participate in formal afterschool programs but another 4.5 million would participate if safe afterschool programs were available in their communities.
A new study led by Rheeda Walker, an associate professor of psychology at the University of Houston, finds that religion may be a major factor in explaining the lower suicide rate among African Americans.
A new study by researchers at Northwestern University shows that the parents of children who participate in Head Start had higher levels of educational attainment by the time their children were age 6. The effect was particularly significant for African American parents.
Hostile feelings for people of the other political party now exceed racial biases and dislikes, according to a study conducted by researchers at Stanford University and Princeton University.
Blacks make up a disproportionate percentage of students at for-profit schools and only 20 percent complete their degree programs. Many take on large amounts of debt that they can’t easily repay.
A new report from the Center for American Progress recommends that in order to best deal with issues of economic inequality, the United States should refocus social policy on programs for infants and toddlers.
A study by psychologists at the University of California, Los Angeles, finds declining support for multiculturalism and diversity among Whites who were informed that they will no longer be a majority of the population by 2050.
A new Census Bureau study finds that more than 40 percent of the African-born U.S. population has graduated from a four-year college, compared to 28 percent of the total foreign-born population, and 29 percent of the entire U.S. adult population.
A holistic admissions process that takes into account more than an applicant’s grades and test scores, achieves an entering class that is more diverse and in most cases there is no change in measures of academic quality, student academic performance, or student retention.
The study found that African Americans and Caribbean-born Blacks who experience discrimination in the United States are at a substantially higher risk for anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and other mental disorders.
A new study led by researchers at Clemson University finds that African American students enrolled in traditional on-campus classroom courses in the sciences had greater academic success than Black students enrolled in online courses in the sciences.
More than one third of African Americans who hold a Ph.D. in a STEM field earned their undergraduate degree at a historically Black college of university.
A group of graduate students in psychology at the University of Wyoming hopes to construct a map which shows where prejudice is most prevalent. They are trying to raise money online to finance their research.
According to the Gallup survey, only 22 percent of Black students who graduated college in the 2000-to-2014 period did so without any student loan debt. Half of all Black students who earned their degree in the period had student loan debt of more than $25,000.
The Council on Graduate Schools reports that 40,584 African Americans enrolled in graduate programs for the first time in the fall of 2013. Of these, 69 percent were women.
Over an 18-month period, the American Council on Education worked closely with seven HBCUs to conduct a review and analysis of their current internationalization efforts and to develop a strategic plan for enhancing those efforts.
The results found that college graduation rates are largely determined by what happened before college — such as family resources, academic preparation and community context — and that the key non-college factors may well differ for communities of color.