Research & Studies

Two Academic Studies Show That Polluters Target Minority Communities

Two Academic Studies Show That Polluters Target Minority Communities

The studies found that companies tended to follow the path of least resistance when locating plants that produced hazardous wastes. And this is particularly true to the super polluters who produce the most toxins.

What Happened to Black Neighborhoods After the Great Recession?

What Happened to Black Neighborhoods After the Great Recession?

A new study by researchers at American University and Brigham Young University examines what happened in three predominantly Black neighborhoods: Bronzeville in Chicago, Harlem in New York, and the Shaw/U Street neighborhood in Washington, D.C.

Stanford Political Scientist Examines Gender Differences in Multiracial Identity

Stanford Political Scientist Examines Gender Differences in Multiracial Identity

A new study authored by Lauren D. Davenport, an assistant professor of political science at Stanford University in California, finds that women who are children of interracial couples are more likely to identify themselves as biracial than men who are children of interracial couples.

The Racial Gap in the Selection of Students for Gifted Education Programs

The Racial Gap in the Selection of Students for Gifted Education Programs

A new study by researchers at Vanderbilt University finds that Black elementary school students are about half as likely as their White peers with similar standardized test scores to be assigned to gifted education classes. But when the gifted education teacher is Black, the racial gap disappears.

Ethnic Studies Courses in High School Can Lead to Academic Success for Minority Students

Ethnic Studies Courses in High School Can Lead to Academic Success for Minority Students

A new study by researchers at Stanford University found that minority students who took an ethnic studies course in high school had higher attendance rates and greater academic success than minority students who did not take such classes.

Study Finds Racial Gap in Salaries of Business School Graduates

Study Finds Racial Gap in Salaries of Business School Graduates

The data showed that Black and White graduates of business schools earned similar salaries in their first jobs after graduating from business school. But six to eight years after leaving business schools a significant racial gap had opened up.

Racial Differences in Persistence Rates in U.S. Higher Education

Racial Differences in Persistence Rates in U.S. Higher Education

More than 40 percent of all African Americans who enrolled in higher education in the 2011-12 academic year were no longer enrolled in higher education in 2014 and had not earned a degree or certificate of any kind. For Whites, 27.7 percent were no longer enrolled.

Study Finds Academic Coaching Helps Retain Minority Students in Ph.D. Programs

Study Finds Academic Coaching Helps Retain Minority Students in Ph.D. Programs

The Academy for Future Science Faculty consists of individual and group-based professional development activities, discussions with fellow students, and highly skilled mentors serving as coaches, many of them minorities themselves, trained in diversity issues.

Academic Study Shows How Racial Bias May Impact End of Life Care

Academic Study Shows How Racial Bias May Impact End of Life Care

The researchers conducted an experiment with emergency room physicians and put them in simulations where they had to interact with actors who were portraying patients who were dying and their family members.

Is Racism the Main Factor in Opposition to Paying College Athletes?

Is Racism the Main Factor in Opposition to Paying College Athletes?

Researchers found that most African Americans favor paying college athletes while most White Americans oppose it. Whites with more negative opinions of Blacks were less likely to approve of paying college athletes.

Racism Is the Norm in Media Accounts of Celebrity Domestic Violence

Racism Is the Norm in Media Accounts of Celebrity Domestic Violence

A new study by Joanna Pepin, a doctoral student in sociology at the University of Maryland, finds that when a Black man was accused of domestic violence, media reports were more likely to include criminal information than when a White man was accused of domestic violence.

Racial Differences in Parenting Behavior and Concerns

Racial Differences in Parenting Behavior and Concerns

Among the findings of a new Pew Research Center survey is that three quarters of all Black parents said a parent can never be too involved in their children’s education. Only 47 percent of White parents agreed.

Academic Disciplines Where African Americans Earned No Doctoral Degrees in 2014

Academic Disciplines Where African Americans Earned No Doctoral Degrees in 2014

There are 16 academic disciplines where African Americans earned no doctoral degrees in 2014. The good news is that the number of academic fields where there have been no Black doctoral awards is growing smaller.

Study Warns of a Mental Health Crisis for African American College Students

Study Warns of a Mental Health Crisis for African American College Students

Researchers at Vanderbilt University and the University of Illinois at Chicago warn that Black students who are enrolled at selective predominantly White educational institutions face a physical and mental wear-and-tear that contributes to a host of psychological and physical ailments.

University Study Documents Gun Violence Injuries for African American Youth

University Study Documents Gun Violence Injuries for African American Youth

Over a five-year period, 398 children under the age of 16 were brought to emergency rooms in St. Louis with gun-related injuries. Almost 78 percent of these victims were African Americans.

The Racial Gap in High School Graduation Rates in the 50 States

The Racial Gap in High School Graduation Rates in the 50 States

The highest Black student high school graduation rate in 2014 was in Texas. The state with the lowest high school graduation rate for Blacks is Nevada. The racial gap in high school graduation rates is 20 percentage points or more in California, New York, Minnesota, Nevada, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

Sub-Saharan Nations Sending the Most Scholars to Teach at U.S. Colleges and Universities

Sub-Saharan Nations Sending the Most Scholars to Teach at U.S. Colleges and Universities

According to new data from the Institute on International Education, in the 2013-14 academic year there were 1,844 scholars from sub-Saharan African nations teaching at U.S. colleges and universities. This is down more than 13 percent from the 2012-13 academic year.

Emory University Study Finds a Racial Disparity in Development of Alzheimer's Disease

Emory University Study Finds a Racial Disparity in Development of Alzheimer’s Disease

The data showed that after adjusting for age, gender, and education, African Americans are 64 percent more likely than Whites to have Alzheimer’s disease. The study found that 8.6 percent of African Americans develop Alzheimer’s disease compared to just 5.5. percent of Whites.

The Large Racial Gap in High School Graduation Rates Is Slowly Eroding

The Large Racial Gap in High School Graduation Rates Is Slowly Eroding

The Black student high school graduation rate in 2013-14 was 72.5 percent. The good news is that since the 2010-11 academic year the Black-White gap in high school graduation rates has declined from 17 percentage points to 14.8 percentage points.

Study Finds a Huge Diversity Shortfall in Biomedical Research

Study Finds a Huge Diversity Shortfall in Biomedical Research

Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco find that there has been little change in the number of clinical research studies that include subjects from underrepresented minority groups or in the race of scientists being funded with federal research grants.

Death by Cop: New University Study Tabulates the Data

Death by Cop: New University Study Tabulates the Data

A new study by researchers at Florida Atlantic University and the Baylor College of Medicine found that between 1999 and 2013, 5,511 people were killed by law enforcement officers in the line of duty.

New Report Shows the Failure of K-12 Schools in Preparing African Americans for College

New Report Shows the Failure of K-12 Schools in Preparing African Americans for College

A new report from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation finds that nationwide only 15 percent of African American eighth graders were proficient in reading and 12 percent were proficient in mathematics.

Study Shows That Athletes Make Up Huge Percentages of Black Students at Many Universities

Study Shows That Athletes Make Up Huge Percentages of Black Students at Many Universities

In the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s Division I schools, an African American man at a college or university is 13 times more likely to be on a football or basketball scholarship than a White man.

African Americans Making Some Progress in Business Ownership

African Americans Making Some Progress in Business Ownership

Among recent African American college graduates, degrees in business administration are the most popular. Thus, it would make sense to believe that African Americans would be gaining ground in business ownership. New data confirms that this is so.

High Level of Homelessness and Hunger Among Black Students at Community Colleges

High Level of Homelessness and Hunger Among Black Students at Community Colleges

The study authored by scholars at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of Michigan found that 31 percent of African American students – nearly one third of all African American students at community colleges – exhibited very low levels of food security. Some 18 percent were homeless.

University Study Finds Racial Bias Among Mainline Protestant Church Denominations

University Study Finds Racial Bias Among Mainline Protestant Church Denominations

Researchers at the University of Connecticut have found in a new study that mainline protestant denominations, many of which participated on the front lines of the civil rights movement were less likely to be welcoming to prospective Black members than conservative evangelical denominations.

Combating Racial Disparities in Unintended Pregnancies

Combating Racial Disparities in Unintended Pregnancies

A new study by researchers at the University of Maryland School of Public Health has documented characteristics of women who are likely to have unintended pregnancies allowing policy makers to tailor interventions to reduce the number of unintended pregnancies among particular populations.

New Report Shows Graduation Rate Progress for Minority Students, But Blacks Trail Other Groups

New Report Shows Graduation Rate Progress for Minority Students, But Blacks Trail Other Groups

The Education Trust has released a new report showing progress has been made in the college graduation rates of minority students. But progress for Black students has trailed the improvements shown by students from other underrepresented minority groups.

Tulane University Study Finds a Racial Gap in Student Use of Salad Bars

Tulane University Study Finds a Racial Gap in Student Use of Salad Bars

A survey of public schools, conducted by researchers in the School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine at Tulane University, found that 60 percent of all students visited salad bars in the cafeterias. But White students were twice as likely as Black students to use salad bars.

New Evidence of the Dangers of Lead Exposure for African American Children

New Evidence of the Dangers of Lead Exposure for African American Children

Black children were nearly three times more likely than White children to have very high lead levels in their blood. Studies have shown a correlation between lead exposure and sleep problems, lower academic test scores, and behavioral and neurological disorders.

The Widening Racial Gap in Bachelor's Degree Attainments in Some STEM Fields

The Widening Racial Gap in Bachelor’s Degree Attainments in Some STEM Fields

During the 10-year period, the number of bachelor’s degrees awarded in physics in the United States increased by 58 percent. But the number of bachelor’s degrees in physics awarded to African American rose only slightly.

Latest Data on U.S. College Students Who Studied Abroad in Sub-Saharan Africa

Latest Data on U.S. College Students Who Studied Abroad in Sub-Saharan Africa

Of the 304,467 American students studying abroad in all areas of the globe, about 5.6 percent, are African Americans. A decade ago African Americans were 3.4 percent of all U.S. college students who studied abroad. More than 13,000 U.S. college students studied at universities in sub-Saharan Africa in the 2013-14 period.

Virginia Commonwealth University Project Maps the Spread of the Ku Klux Klan

Virginia Commonwealth University Project Maps the Spread of the Ku Klux Klan

The Ku Klux Klan reemerged in the early part of the twentieth century. At its height in the 1920s, there were more than 2,000 local chapters of the Klan with as many as 8 million members. A new project documents the spread of the Klan across the United States.

The Persisting Racial Gap in College Student Graduation Rates

The Persisting Racial Gap in College Student Graduation Rates

New data on graduation rates from the U.S. Department of Education shows that in a group of the nation’s largest universities, the Black student graduation rate of 46 percent is 21 percentage points lower than the rate for White students. This gap has existed for a quarter century.

Racial Differences in Mobility Rates in the United States by Educational Attainment

Racial Differences in Mobility Rates in the United States by Educational Attainment

Blacks in the United States are more likely to move than whites. In the 2014-to-2015 period, almost 6 million African Americans, nearly 15 percent of the entire Black population of the United States changed their residence. But for highly educated Blacks and Whites, the racial mobility gap no longer exists.

Students From Sub-Saharan Africa at U.S. Colleges and Universities, 2014-15

Students From Sub-Saharan Africa at U.S. Colleges and Universities, 2014-15

In the 2013-14 academic year, there were 31,113 students from sub-Saharan Africa enrolled at colleges and universities in the United States. They made up 3.5 percent of the 886,052 foreign students at U.S. colleges and universities.