A new study finds that middle school students of color who lose trust in their teachers due to a perception of mistreatment or unfairness are less likely to go to college, even if they achieved good grades and test scores that qualified them for college admission.
Research & Studies
According to the National Science Foundation, in 2015, 2,330 doctorates were awarded in 23 academic disciplines. Not one was earned by an African American.
From 1992 to 2013, the percentage of students in the public schools in Washington who were Black declined from 89 percent to 73 percent. But more than 88 percent of Black students in the District attend schools where at least 90 percent of all students are Black.
The 2015 Law School Survey of Student Engagement found that 61 percent of Black law school graduates and 40 percent of White law school graduate had accumulated more than $100,000 in student loan debt. White students were more likely than Black students to receive merit scholarships.
The percentage of all doctoral degree recipients who are African Americans is increasing at only a snail’s pace. In 2005, Blacks were 6.2 percent of all U.S. citizens and permanent residents who earned doctorates. In 2015 the figure was 6.5 percent.
The study, authored by economists at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, finds that Black families with a head who has a graduate degree have average wealth that is only 85 percent of White families with a head who has only a bachelor’s degree.
The research examined the sexual behaviors of more than 5,000 adults over the age of 40 in rural South Africa. The study found that 23 percent of the older adults surveyed had HIV and half of these did not know they were infected.
On the boards of the largest companies that pay their directors at a higher rate, women and minorities are paid less than White men on these large company boards. The pay gap, as much as 9 percent, is due to the fact that women and minorities are less likely to hold leadership positions on these boards.
The statistics show that 39 percent of African American adults get annual flu shots compared to nearly half of White American adults. Furthermore, the data shows that efforts to address the racial disparity have had little effect.
In a study of more than 42,000 individuals born in the 1980s, the authors found that Blacks were three times more likely than Whites to lose a mother, more than twice as likely to lose a father and 20 percent more likely to lose a sibling by age 10.
Marcia Chatelain notes that fast food has contributed to racial health disparities between Blacks and Whites. But she also notes that fast food franchises have provided many jobs in these communities and have provided scholarships for area youth and cultural events for the community.
Scholars at the University of Kansas, the University of Washington, and the University of Wyoming say that professions of color blindness tell young people that their race or ethnicity doesn’t matter or isn’t an important factor in history or their everyday lives.
The data from a study by researchers at the University of Georgia and Kansas State University showed that when differences in income and wealth were accounted for, Blacks were actually more willing than Whites to access financial planning services.
Many studies have shown that Black drivers are far more likely than White drivers to be pulled over by police. But a new study by a professor of economics at the University of Vermont, shows that the phenomenon takes places even in one of the nation’s most liberal states and one of the nation’s Whitest states.
The African American mothers interviewed for the study for the most part wanted to breastfeed but were hampered by systemic, institutional and cultural barriers. Limited family leave and the demands of school made it difficult for many to meet their breastfeeding goals.
The data shows that as Blacks move up the educational ladder, the racial earnings gap tends to diminish for younger workers. The report also shows that Blacks over the age of 25 with a bachelor’s degree or higher in 2015 were more likely to be in the labor force than Whites.
Scholars at Stanford University and the University of Tennessee have published a working paper through the National Bureau of Economic Research that examines the lingering effect of distrust for the medical establishment among African American men today resulting from the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment.
The analysis compared health data from participants in the Jackson [Mississippi] Heart Study to neighborhood poverty, unemployment, and other socioeconomic indicators from the 2000 U.S. Census and other data on violence and disorder.
A study led by researchers at the University of Florida found that genetic variants that predispose some people to depression, anxiety, or suicide might also make them more sensitive to the effects of discrimination and lead to higher blood pressure.
Emmanuel Agu, an associate professor of computer science at Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Massachusetts, is developing AlcoGait, a smartphone app that can accurately predict a user’s level of intoxication by monitoring how he or she walks.
The research by psychologists at the University of Washington found that young children can perceive bias by parents and other adults they interact with through tone of voice or facial expressions.
Researchers interviewed a large group of African American adults in Milwaukee on their experiences with everyday racism. They also took blood, urine, and saliva samples to test for biomarkers of elevated disease risk.
A group of infants were shown two photographs of women of different ethnicities on a computer screen. Using technology that tracks eye movements, the researchers were able to measure which photograph the infants were looking at and for how long.
A new study by researchers at the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at the University of Connecticut finds that the number of junk food advertisements seen by Black youth rose 30 percent between 2008 and 2012. There was an 18 percent increase for White youth.
The study led by researchers at Michigan State University found that the race of the defendant does not have much impact in death penalty cases. But defendants were twice as likely to receive the death penalty if the victim was White than if the victim was Black.
The statistics show that 74.3 percent of all White children below the age of 18 live with both parents. This is true for only 38.7 percent of African American families. More than one third of all Black children in the United States under the age of 18 live with mothers who have never been married.
A study led by a researcher at Johns Hopkins University finds that at methadone treatment facilities run by African American directors, patients are less likely to receive the recommended minimum dose than at facilities directed by managers of other races or ethnic groups.
The data shows that 80 percent of all students at HBCUs borrow money under federal student loan programs. One quarter of all HBCUs graduates had student loan debt of more than $40,000. This is four times the rate of non-HBCU graduates.
The study, authored by Maya Beasley, found that nearly 90 percent of the search consultants commonly used to find high-level executives for environmental organizations have encountered bias at the organizations that were seeking new employees.
Researchers at the University of Virginia, Rutgers University and the University of British Columbia have a published a study that shows that teachers who change instruction practices can impact the large racial gap in school discipline.
The study, by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, and in the dental department of Bronx-Lebanon Hospital in New York, found that for racial parity to prevail with the Black population, an additional 19,714 African American dentists would be needed.
The results show that nine of the 12 types of student-faculty interactions had a statistically significant association with a student’s perception of the overall campus climate regarding diversity. Five student-faculty interactions had a positive impact and four had a negative impact.
A recent study by researchers at Pennsylvania State University finds that despite a narrowing in the racial poverty gap, Blacks and Hispanics still are significantly more likely than Whites to live in high-poverty neighborhoods.
The data from a study conducted at San Diego State University showed that among community college students 48.4 percent of Black men and 41.1 percent of Black women expressed housing insecurity. Black men also had a very high level of food insecurity.
A new study by researchers at the Carsey School of Public Policy at the University of New Hampshire finds that in 17 U.S. states the number of Whites who died in 2014 was higher than the number of Whites born in these states.
The research, conducted by scientists at the University of Nevada Las Vegas, found that among all major racial/ethnic groups in the United States, American-born Blacks had the highest rate of cancer mortality. Caribbean-born Blacks in the United States had the lowest rate.