Research & Studies

The Racial Gap in Reading and Mathematics Can Be Eliminated With Quality Pre-K Programs

The Racial Gap in Reading and Mathematics Can Be Eliminated With Quality Pre-K Programs

If the success of universal Pre-K programs in Oklahoma and Massachusetts was replicated nationwide, the gap in mathematical achievement for African American children would be reduced by 45 percent and the gap in reading achievement would be eliminated.

Racial Bias May Contribute to the Undertreatment of Pain for African Americans

Racial Bias May Contribute to the Undertreatment of Pain for African Americans

Past studies have demonstrated that Black patients tended to be undertreated for pain relative to White patients. A new study by researchers at the University of Virginia has found that this undertreatment may be caused, in part, by racial bias.

University Study Explores the Views of Ferguson Protestors

University Study Explores the Views of Ferguson Protestors

Jennifer E. Cobbina, an associate professor at Michigan State University, led a study which included a series of in-depth interviews with people who participated in protests following the shooting of Michael Brown by a White police officer in Ferguson, Missouri.

African Americans Making Little Progress in College Sports Administration

African Americans Making Little Progress in College Sports Administration

The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport (TIDES) at the University of Central Florida reports that Blacks are 47 percent of the football players in Division I but only 7.9 percent of the head football coaches.

Study Finds That HBCUs Are Charged Higher Fees to Issue Bonds

Study Finds That HBCUs Are Charged Higher Fees to Issue Bonds

A new study authored by researchers at four universities, finds that historically Black colleges and university pay a higher underwriting fee for debt issues than predominantly White institutions even when credit reporting agencies rate the debt issues as having similar risk.

New Report Examines Racial Gap in Marital Status by Educational Attainment

New Report Examines Racial Gap in Marital Status by Educational Attainment

For 29-year-old African Americans with at least a four-year college degree, 28.7 percent were married in 2014. For 29-year-old Whites with a college degree, 49.3 percent were married in 2014.

The Racial Gap in Student Loan Debt Is Highest Among the Most Affluent Families

The Racial Gap in Student Loan Debt Is Highest Among the Most Affluent Families

According to a new study, on average, an African American college graduate has 68 percent more debt than a White college graduate. But the racial gap in student loan debt is highest among affluent Black and White families.

Building Trust Necessary to Encourage More Blacks to Participate in Genetics Research

Building Trust Necessary to Encourage More Blacks to Participate in Genetics Research

Professors Aaron Buseh and Sandra Millon-Underwood of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee conducted a detailed, community-based study exploring perceptions and attitudes about genetic research among African-Americans and African immigrants.

Black Heart Attack Patients Are More Likely to Be Diverted to Distant Emergency Rooms

Black Heart Attack Patients Are More Likely to Be Diverted to Distant Emergency Rooms

A new academic study finds that older African American patients who have heart emergencies are more likely than their White peers to have their ambulance diverted to a distant hospital due to overcrowding at the nearest hospital.

The Racial Gap in Educational Attainment in the United States

The Racial Gap in Educational Attainment in the United States

More than one third, 36.2 percent, of adult non-Hispanic White Americans in 2015 had obtained a bachelor’s degree. For adult African Americans in 2015, 22.5 percent had earned a bachelor’s degree.

Teachers' Racial Bias in Expectations for Black Students

Teachers’ Racial Bias in Expectations for Black Students

A new study by researchers at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore and American University in Washington, D.C., finds that Black and White teachers tend to have different expectations for the same student.

Study Finds Minority Managers Who Hire Minorities Are Likely to Be Rated Less Competent

Study Finds Minority Managers Who Hire Minorities Are Likely to Be Rated Less Competent

The results of the study showed that minority managers were rated as less effective when they hired a minority applicant for the open position than minority managers who hired a White person for the post.

Graduation Rates on the Rise, But the Racial Gap Widens

Graduation Rates on the Rise, But the Racial Gap Widens

A study of 232 public colleges and universities with overall graduation rate increases found that the rate for White students at these schools improved 5.6 percentage points over the past decade. But Black student graduation rates increased by just 4.4 percentage points.

Northwestern Study Finds Racial Differences in Substance Abuse Among Delinquent Teenagers

Northwestern Study Finds Racial Differences in Substance Abuse Among Delinquent Teenagers

The study found that contrary to common societal stereotypes, African Americans were far less likely that Whites or Hispanics to develop substance abuse disorders relating cocaine, opiates, amphetamines, and sedatives.

Study Shows "Resumé Whitening" Increases Chance of Employers Contacting Job Applicants

Study Shows “Resumé Whitening” Increases Chance of Employers Contacting Job Applicants

A new study by researchers at the University of Toronto and Stanford University found that nearly one third of African American job applicants used the practice of “resumé whitening” to hide, at least to some degree, their ethnic identities.

At All Levels of Wealth, Blacks Are More Likely Than Whites to Spend Time in Jail

At All Levels of Wealth, Blacks Are More Likely Than Whites to Spend Time in Jail

As expected, wealthier people of all races were less likely to be incarcerated than members of their racial group with lower levels of wealth. But at all levels of wealth, Blacks were more likely than Whites to spend time in jail.

Academic Study Finds Racial Differences in Smoking Behavior

Academic Study Finds Racial Differences in Smoking Behavior

African American are less likely than Whites to begin smoking in their teen years when most people who smoke start their habits. But, Blacks are less likely than Whites to quit smoking once they get older.

UCLA Study Finds Huge Racial Wealth Gap in Los Angeles

UCLA Study Finds Huge Racial Wealth Gap in Los Angeles

The report finds that the typical African American household in Los Angeles has on average only about 1 percent of the average wealth of non-Hispanic White households. Many Asian American groups had an even higher average net worth than White households.

Survey Examines How College Presidents Are Dealing With the Racial Climate on Their Campuses

Survey Examines How College Presidents Are Dealing With the Racial Climate on Their Campuses

Nearly one half of all presidents at four-year colleges and universities who responded anonymously to the survey reported that there had been organized protests or events on diversity and inclusion at their campus.

The Residential Resegregation of Major Urban Areas in the United States

The Residential Resegregation of Major Urban Areas in the United States

A new study examines how neighborhoods in four large metropolitan area has changed since housing discrimination was outlawed during the civil rights era. The results show that more than a third of all neighborhoods have experienced “steady resegregation.”

A Statistical Portrait of First-Year Students at Black Colleges and Universities

A Statistical Portrait of First-Year Students at Black Colleges and Universities

This nationwide survey prepared by UCLA compares current first-year students in terms of characteristics such as family income, grades in high school, future goals, study habits, political views, and social activities.

University of Southern California Study Shows Extent of Black Invisibility in Entertainment

University of Southern California Study Shows Extent of Black Invisibility in Entertainment

The report examines 109 major films and 305 television programs in 2014 that included more than 11,000 speaking characters. Some 22 percent of all these films or TV shows had no African American characters.

University Study Finds Racial Discrimination by Mortgage Loan Originators

University Study Finds Racial Discrimination by Mortgage Loan Originators

The results showed that some mortgage loan originators did not response to people with African American sounding names, others rejected applications outright, and others delayed their responses so that the potential borrower was apt to take their business elsewhere.

The Escalating Debt Problem for African American College Students

The Escalating Debt Problem for African American College Students

An analysis of the student debt load for fourth-year undergraduate students found that in 1990, 69 percent of African American college students had accumulated debt. By 2012, the figure was 90 percent.

The Racial Gap in the Perceived Value of Higher Education

The Racial Gap in the Perceived Value of Higher Education

A survey by the Pew Research Center finds that 62 percent of Black parents and only 34 percent of White parents believe getting a college degree is extremely import for success in life.

New Study Finds Wide Racial Disparities in Access to Government Child Care Programs

New Study Finds Wide Racial Disparities in Access to Government Child Care Programs

A new report from the Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) in Washington, D.C., finds that only 46 percent of eligible Black children participated in the Head Start preschool program. Nationwide, 21 percent of Black children eligible to be given government funded child care, actually are covered.

The Racial Gap in Women's Ability to Pay Off Their Student Loans

The Racial Gap in Women’s Ability to Pay Off Their Student Loans

For women who graduated from college in the 2007-08 academic year, Black women were able to pay off only 9 percent of their student loan debt by 2012. In contrast White women had paid off 37 percent of their student loan debt by 2012.

Study Finds Racial Disparity in Risk of Dementia

Study Finds Racial Disparity in Risk of Dementia

A study by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco and healthcare conglomerate Kaiser Permanente found that 38 percent of the Black population will likely develop dementia within 25 years after turning 65 years old.

African American College Students Tend to Concentrate in Majors That Lead to Low Pay

African American College Students Tend to Concentrate in Majors That Lead to Low Pay

According to a Georgetown University study, African Americans who complete college are more likely to major in subject areas that lead to low-paying jobs. There are small percentages of Black students who graduate with degrees in disciplines that lead to high-paying jobs.

Researchers Call for an End to the Use of Genetic Concepts of Race in Biological Research

Researchers Call for an End to the Use of Genetic Concepts of Race in Biological Research

A group of scholars from the University of Pennsylvania, Drexel University in Philadelphia, and the American Museum of Natural History write that the concept of race in biological research “is problematic at best and harmful at worst.”

Two Academic Studies Show That Polluters Target Minority Communities

Two Academic Studies Show That Polluters Target Minority Communities

The studies found that companies tended to follow the path of least resistance when locating plants that produced hazardous wastes. And this is particularly true to the super polluters who produce the most toxins.

What Happened to Black Neighborhoods After the Great Recession?

What Happened to Black Neighborhoods After the Great Recession?

A new study by researchers at American University and Brigham Young University examines what happened in three predominantly Black neighborhoods: Bronzeville in Chicago, Harlem in New York, and the Shaw/U Street neighborhood in Washington, D.C.

Stanford Political Scientist Examines Gender Differences in Multiracial Identity

Stanford Political Scientist Examines Gender Differences in Multiracial Identity

A new study authored by Lauren D. Davenport, an assistant professor of political science at Stanford University in California, finds that women who are children of interracial couples are more likely to identify themselves as biracial than men who are children of interracial couples.

The Racial Gap in the Selection of Students for Gifted Education Programs

The Racial Gap in the Selection of Students for Gifted Education Programs

A new study by researchers at Vanderbilt University finds that Black elementary school students are about half as likely as their White peers with similar standardized test scores to be assigned to gifted education classes. But when the gifted education teacher is Black, the racial gap disappears.

Ethnic Studies Courses in High School Can Lead to Academic Success for Minority Students

Ethnic Studies Courses in High School Can Lead to Academic Success for Minority Students

A new study by researchers at Stanford University found that minority students who took an ethnic studies course in high school had higher attendance rates and greater academic success than minority students who did not take such classes.

Study Finds Racial Gap in Salaries of Business School Graduates

Study Finds Racial Gap in Salaries of Business School Graduates

The data showed that Black and White graduates of business schools earned similar salaries in their first jobs after graduating from business school. But six to eight years after leaving business schools a significant racial gap had opened up.