During the 10-year period, the number of bachelor’s degrees awarded in physics in the United States increased by 58 percent. But the number of bachelor’s degrees in physics awarded to African American rose only slightly.
Research & Studies
Of the 304,467 American students studying abroad in all areas of the globe, about 5.6 percent, are African Americans. A decade ago African Americans were 3.4 percent of all U.S. college students who studied abroad. More than 13,000 U.S. college students studied at universities in sub-Saharan Africa in the 2013-14 period.
The Ku Klux Klan reemerged in the early part of the twentieth century. At its height in the 1920s, there were more than 2,000 local chapters of the Klan with as many as 8 million members. A new project documents the spread of the Klan across the United States.
New data on graduation rates from the U.S. Department of Education shows that in a group of the nation’s largest universities, the Black student graduation rate of 46 percent is 21 percentage points lower than the rate for White students. This gap has existed for a quarter century.
Blacks in the United States are more likely to move than whites. In the 2014-to-2015 period, almost 6 million African Americans, nearly 15 percent of the entire Black population of the United States changed their residence. But for highly educated Blacks and Whites, the racial mobility gap no longer exists.
In the 2013-14 academic year, there were 31,113 students from sub-Saharan Africa enrolled at colleges and universities in the United States. They made up 3.5 percent of the 886,052 foreign students at U.S. colleges and universities.
The average score on Advanced Placement examinations for African American students in 2015 was 2.05. On the AP scoring system of 5 to 1, a score of 2 is equivalent to a grade of D in a college-level course.
Some 60 million Americans over the age of 5 speak a language other than English at home. This is about one fifth of all Americans. Nearly 900,000 Americans speak an African language at home. Among the most common African languages in the U.S. are Kru, Ibo, Yoruba, Cushite, and Swahili.
African American youth who are routinely subjected to stress produce higher levels of the stress hormone cortisol that can build up and lead to health problems much later in life.
The authors found a reluctance by administrators who are charged with diversity missions at universities prohibited from using race in admissions decisions to deal specifically with race in their efforts to create a more welcoming campus.
After 1998, death rates among middle-aged White non-Hispanic Americans began to rise at a steady clip of half a percent per year. For non-Hispanic, middle-aged African-Americans, mortality rates declined 2.6 percent per year.
In October 2014, there were 1,802,000 Black women enrolled in all levels of higher education in the United States, compared to 1,132,000 Black men. Thus, women made up 61.4 percent of all African American enrollments.
A new study by Gallup Education shows that Black students who graduate from HBCUs may go on to a more satisfying life than Black graduates of predominately White colleges and universities.
In 2015, the number of Black applicants to U.S. medical schools was up a whopping 16.8 percent from 2014. Blacks were 7.6 percent of all medical school matriculants in 2015. This was up from 6.9 percent in 2014.
Among recent high school graduates, Blacks are more likely than Whites to enroll in higher education. But if we look at recent high school graduates who are full-time students at four-year colleges and universities, Whites are more likely to be enrolled than Blacks.
More than 30 percent of African Americans over the age of 3 are enrolled in school at some level compared to 22 percent of Whites. But Whites still hold an edge in college enrollments, particularly among men.
“In 2015, a large number of arts organizations of color are struggling, in some cases desperately,” conclude the authors of the report from the DeVos Institute of Arts Management at the University of Maryland.
A study by researchers at the University of Arizona and Portland State University found that African Americans on average had to wait 32 percent longer than Whites before drivers would yield to them in crosswalks.
The University of Washington study found that there has been little or no academic progress in these largely minority urban schools. In 30 of the 50 cities, less than 15 percent of the students in the urban public schools took either the ACT or SAT college entrance examination.
A new study by researchers at UCLA finds that Whites assume that any person with a Black-sounding name is similar in characteristics to a person with a White-sounding name who they were told has a criminal record.
Lead author Professor William Schmidt of Michigan State University says that “the belief that schools are the great equalizer, helping students overcome the inequalities of poverty is a myth.”
Researchers at the University of Minnesota and New York University found that in counties where broadband Internet access became readily available in the early years of the century, the number of hate crimes increased by an average of 20 percent.
A new report from the Department of Education finds that Black students, particularly Black males, did poorer academically in schools with a high percentage of Black students. The overall Black-White achievement gap was higher in schools with a large percentage of Black students.
Nearly 62 percent of all African American undergraduates received a Pell Grant in the 2011-12 academic year. For Whites, 33.5 percent of undergraduates that year were Pell Grant recipients. The average grant to Black students was $3,400.
The data showed that communities with a higher level of anti-Black prejudice had a death rate for people of all races that averaged 24 percent higher than in communities with low levels of racial prejudice.
In 2014, there were 4,090,000 African Americans under the age of 18 in the United States who were living in poverty. The percentage of Black children in poverty rose from 33.7 percent in 2013 to 37.1 percent in 2014.
A new study led by Micere Keels, an associate professor of comparative human development at the University of Chicago, finds that many Black and other minority college students suffer from anxiety over worrying about being able to pay their bills in order to stay enrolled in higher education.
From 1987 to 2012, the percentage of minority teachers in the nation’s public schools has increased from 12 percent to 17 percent. However, it must be noted that minority students now account for about half of all public school students.
A new study led by John Rickford, the J.E. Wallace Sterling Professor in the Humanities and a professor of linguistics at Stanford University, examines the use of African American vernacular English (AAVE) by young Blacks depending on the economics characteristics of their neighborhoods.
A new study, authored by researchers at the University of Kansas and the University of Missouri, finds that both Black and White students at public schools with a higher percentage of Black teachers have the impression that discipline is more fair than at schools with a low number of Black faculty.
A new study led by researchers at Northwestern University, finds that stress brought on due to continued exposure to racial animosity and discrimination negatively impacts hormonal levels in Black teenagers which can lead to a lifetime of health problems.
Participants were surveyed to determine their level of racial bias and then shown photographs of multiracial individuals. Those who were found to have higher degrees of racial bias were the most likely to perceive the multiracial individuals as Black.
Sociologists at the University of Connecticut and Brigham Young University examined records of more than 13 million home mortgages between 2008 and 2013. They found that veterans of all races were significantly more likely to live in racially integrated neighborhoods.
A new study by scholars at the University of Georgia finds that many African American forest landowners do not take advantage of the federal assistance programs available to them. Legal and financial issues and distrust of the government limit participation.
Ryan Gabriel, a doctoral student in sociology at the University of Washington, has found that mixed-race couples with one Black partner live in neighborhoods with an average poverty level of 21 percent, compared with average rates of just 9 percent for White couples.
A new report from the American Council on Education documents admissions practices of colleges and universities in the current legal climate resulting from the most recent Supreme Court rulings on race-sensitive admissions practices.